By Dr. Lawrence Wilson

© June 2015, L.D. Wilson Consultants, Inc.


All information in this article is for educational purposes only.  It is not for the diagnosis, treatment, prescription or cure of any disease or health condition.


            Political candidates know that if there are jobs, people will continue to vote for them.  However, if there is no work, the candidate, at least in America, is likely to lose to his opponent.

            Why is work and jobs so important for people?  Perhaps because work is not only a means to earn money.  It is also because meaningful work builds character and teaches many other lessons.  In fact, work is vital for most people’s happiness and even health.   This article looks at the interesting topic of work.




            Work is applying yourself to a task and letting go of ego.  As opposed to a hobby or a pastime, work involves doing the will of others, rather than just following your own will.  It usually involves doing something that others need and want. 

Work is a common way of rendering service to others.  It also may involve obtaining money or some kind of credit for your labor.

Work involves efforting, a very excellent word.  Many problems with work involve not efforting correctly.  These include laziness, for example.  Other work problems are not about the effort, but have to do with one’s attitude about work, how one organizes one‘s work, and more.

            These definitions are important because some people are confused and think that if they “work” at being nice, or “work” at their hobby, that this is the same as going to work.  It is not.  Work is a specific type of contract or arrangement in which one person performs a task or service for another that the other usually requests and needs, or wants.


Types of work.  Work can be primarily:

A. Physical, such as using your muscles to lift or push things.

B. Mental, such as engineering, writing, computer work and many other jobs.

C. Emotional, such as in sales work, teaching and more.

D. Spiritual, as in some counseling, ministry work, and teaching.

            Many jobs require a combination of these types of work.  In part, this is because many kinds of work require interacting with people in various ways.




1. Physical problems: disabled, too much too soon, no skill, unprepared, forcing it, fussing, raring to start, skipping, misplaced effort, garbage in garbage out.


2. Emotional problems: too emotional, emotionally flat, affected, distant, too involved, too embarrassed, too much ego, too anxious, stubborn, oppositional, defiant, negative, moody


3. Bad attitudes:  bored, lazy, elitist, back-slapping, bad-mouthing, angry, crazy, arrogant, petty, impatient, rude, tactless, too ambitious, treacherous, vengeant, criminal, whiney, childish or immature, confrontational, over-reaching, lying, cheating


4. Relational problems: low communication, not listening, not asking for help, not accepting enough help, exaggerating, just following orders, gossipy, too pleasing, not a team player, no coordination, making excuses, complaining.


5. Bad work quality: sloppy, late, giving up, cutting corners, incomplete, breach of contract, interrupted, intermittent, uncreative, chaotic, inefficient, slow, too much multi-tasking.


6. Mental problems: mental worry, too analytical, low self-esteem, unaware of the body, unaware of the environment, distant, disconnected, hurried, disorganized, confused, careless, thoughtless, psychoses and neuroses, too sexy, too focused.


7. Wrong motivations: Self-serving, protecting another, system problems, hidden agendas, no enjoyment, not enough accomplishment, too ambitious.




I. Physical problems

(Disabled, too much too soon, no skill, unprepared, forcing it, fussing, skipping, misplaced efforting)


1. DISABLED. Disabled means handicapped in some way.  It could be anything, from a broken arm to needing glasses, or trouble walking.

              Disabled can also mean unable to think clearly, unable to write things down, or other emotional difficulties such as depression.

            Examples: A boy in school asked to write about zebras learns that some people eat zebras.  He is vegetarian, and he has trouble continuing the assignment because the thought of eating a zebra is terribly upsetting emotionally.

              An office worker gets an assignment to photograph buildings for an exhibition.  However, he has terrible depth perception and does not know how to operate a camera, so he does the job very slowly, cannot even figure out how to do the job.

              Phrases: “I’m doing my best”.


2. TOO MUCH TOO SOON.  This is a common problem with work.  It basically means that the work is too hard, or in other ways self-destructive and sometimes destructive of others such as your family.

              Examples: Child labor, excessive work hours, very stressful work, work that is too demanding physically or otherwise, no breaks at work, torture at work, dangerous work, work in extreme climates without the proper protection, toxic work situations, crime-ridden workplaces or work neighborhoods, germ-laden workplaces, work not suitable for your age or your disabilities, work hours that are wrong for you, too much yin that occurs with some work such as flying on planes a lot, wrong work associates, wrong live-in or marriage partners if you work with your spouse, drugs on the job, and more.

            Phrases.  These include “This is going to kill me”.


3. NO SKILL.  This means that a person is lacking in a skill needed to do a job or task.

Examples:  The teacher asks a child to solve an algebra problem.  However, the child does not know how to do algebra in order to solve this particular problem.

Phrases: “I don’t know how to do this”.


4. UNPREPARED.  Work involves learning skills and applying them.  Some people are not ready and do not have the skills.  Others need tools but either do not have them, or have the wrong tools and skills.

Examples: A child may show up for class without his homework, without a writing instrument, or without paper to write on.

A repairman may show up for a job without the skills to do the job, or without the right tools or parts.

Phrases. “I’m not sure what I need to do this job”.


5. FORCING IT.  This is a kind of victim attitude, self-torture, and a wrong use of power and focus.  The person just does not flow well with his or her work.  It is like trying to put a square peg in a round hole.  One is not gentle and loving with one’s work.  It is very destructive.

Examples: A nurse in a hospital needs to give a shot to a young child.  This is a very common example.  She could relax, smile, ask the child for permission, and explain the procedure.  Instead, however, she sort of attacks the child, holding him down forcefully so she can give the shot.  The child reacts with fear and screams.  Everyone in the room stops and stares.  Now it might take three people to hold the child.  Everything is a real mess!

Builders and repair people often force things when they are in a hurry and especially if the job is not going fast enough.  This is usually a disaster, and they may have to start all over again.

Phrases:  “I must work this way only.”


6. FUSSING.  This is wasting time and energy worrying about little details or other things that are not important.

            Examples: A real estate agent is supposed to show someone a home.  However, instead of spending time with the client, the agent plays with the curtains in the house, moves the furniture around, and fusses with the dog.

            Phrases: “I just have to take care of this first”.


7. SKIPPING.  This means not showing up for the job for a silly reason, such as because the tide is high and you wanted to go fishing.

Examples: A man who had said he would fix the car did not go to his shop when he said he would because he wanted to watch a baseball game on television that day.

Phrases: “I am busy right now.”


8. MISPLACED EFFORTING.  This means that instead of working at your task, one spends the time and effort in non-productive ways.  One has the wrong focus.

Examples: A person may spend hours on Facebook, or researching on the internet, or on the telephone.  Meanwhile, the real work does not get done.  However, the person thinks he or she is working because they are busy.  They are not really working because work is not about your own agenda.  It is about serving others.

Phrases:  Phrases people use who practice misplaced efforting include “I can’t find the time” and others.


9. GARBAGE IN GARBAGE OUT.  This means that the idea or plans for the job are wrong.  Therefore, all the planning and organization will not work out.

Example: A man wants to build a house, and hires a builder.  However, due to a mixup the builder gets the wrong blueprints and the wrong location for the home.  The builder spends months planning the project, only to find out that all his work was wasted because his “inputs” or blueprints were wrong.

Phrases: “Garbage in, garbage out”.


II. Emotional problems

(too emotional, emotionally flat, distant, too involved, too embarrassed, too much ego, too anxious, stubborn, oppositional, defiant, negative, moody)


1. TOO EMOTIONAL OR AFFECTED.  This problem at work is common, perhaps moreso among women, who tend to be a little more emotional than men.

              Examples: Making sounds while working like “ooh”, “ah”,  “Oh, no”, “I can’t believe it”, and others.  You will see this in some people as they tend their garden, or cut hair, or teach school, or almost anything.  A little emotional response is okay, but this is exaggerated and clearly distracting.

              Phrases: “I’m getting all bent out of shape with this” or “I  just can’t handle this”.


2. EMOTIONALLY FLAT.  This is the opposite of #1 just above.  It is only a problem if it gets in the way of doing your job, such as when you are a sales person.  It is probably not a problem if you work in a rat laboratory, for example.

            Examples:  A car salesman did very poorly because he talked in a monotone and showed no excitement about his products, even though they were excellent vehicles.

              A student whose job was acting in a play put the audience to sleep because she showed so little emotion during the performance.

            Phrases: “I just do my job.”


            3. DISTANT.  This occurs when a person is not very present or attentive.  Other words for this are spacey, zoned out, drugged, or “not all there”.

            Examples: A young woman working at a shopping mall selling perfume just sits at her table staring at the wall instead of talking to the customers who pass by.

              A college student is so tired that he just stares out the window when he is supposed to be working at his desk.

            Phrases: ”I don’t know why I am here.” 


4. TOO INVOLVED.  This occurs when a worker takes his job too seriously, especially in an emotional way.

            Examples: Even though a worker does a good job, the company lets her go because the company is not doing well and has to downsize.  She falls into a terrible depression, wants to sue the company out of anger, and for a while denies that she was ever let go.

            A worker stays late at work every day cleaning up the office because he can’t stand anything out of order, even though he is not paid to do this.

            Phrases: “I just love my job so much I cannot let go.”


            5. TOO EMBARRASSED. This occasionally happens and definitely can get in the way of work performance.

            Examples: A male doctor cannot ask his female patients to undress because he is embarrassed around them.

              A young woman really wants to work at her favorite restaurant.  However, it is very difficult because she is embarrassed wearing the skimpy and slightly see-through uniform the restaurant requires of their female employees.

            A student does poorly in school because he is so embarrassed to speak up, fearing he might make a mistake.


6. TOO MUCH EGO OR LACK OF HUMILITY.  This problem is common and involves putting too much of your ego into your work.

Examples:  A person may do his or her work in a special or unique way, “signing his name to it”, or showing off how wonderful he or she is, or making a big splash with work in some way when it is not appropriate.

              A child may clean up his room, but might put everything in the wrong place just for fun.  A man might fix your plumbing, but he puts stickers with his name on them all over the pipes, even perhaps where it shows to the whole world. 

A lady may cut hair okay, but she adds a twist to every client’s hair so they know it was her work.  A body worker might give out a humorous tee shirt that says “Body By Jones” if his name is Jones.  It is cute, but contains a lot of ego.

            Phrases.  I work my way”.


7. TOO ANXIOUS.  Some anxiety is natural and common in those who are just starting a new kind of work or job.  It is persists, or is disabling, then it is harmful.

            Examples: A nutritional consultant was so nervous about recommending the wrong diet or the wrong nutritional supplements that she stuttered and stammered and mumbled, and lost her job.

            A young student just could not finish his assignment because he was so anxious about whether the teacher would like it or not.  Another student could not even speak when she had to get up in front of the class to present a book report. 


8. STUBBORN.  This means that a person cannot change course or accept change very easily.  It is a common trait.

Examples: James was given a task to do, and decided to do it a certain way.  His supervisor, however, asked him to do the task in a different way.  He kept refusing to change the way he worked.

Phrases: “I can only work in one way.”


9. OPPOSITIONAL.  This means that if the boss asks that something be done one way, the worker automatically wants to do it in an opposite manner.  If I say yes, you say no automatically.

Examples: A teacher tells the class to read a particular story as homework.  Everyone does the assignment except one student, who did not read the story, even though he heard and understood the instructions and had plenty of time to finish the assignment.  This is his pattern throughout his schooling, not just in this one instance.

Phrases:  I oppose all your instructions.”


10. DEFIANT.  This is similar to oppositional, but different in that the worker or student tends to defy the instructions, rather than just do the opposite of what was asked. 

Examples: A student is given an assignment to read a particular story.  In defiance, the student says no.  Another example is that a worker is told by his boss he must come in early for work one day.  The worker deliberately does not come in early that day.

Phrases: “I do not obey the orders of anyone besides myself.”


11. NEGATIVE.  This means emotionally down, somewhat oppositional and defiant, depressed, upset and/or in a bad mood most of the time.

Examples: A worker never smiles, usually is “down in the dumps”, never has anything positive or nice or uplifting to say, and tends to make everyone around her feel miserable.

Phrases: “Life is bad and why hide it.”


12. MOODY.  This is different than negative in that the person’s mood changes, often from positive to negative and back again, even within a single day.

 Examples: A student may smile and be happy for an hour, and then suddenly turn very negative and angry or depressed.  Then he may suddenly change again and become very cooperative and productive, followed by another negative turn.

Phrases: “I like changing my mind and confusing everyone.”


3. Bad attitudes

bored, lazy, distracted, childish or immature, elitist, back-slapping, bad-mouthing, angry, crazy, arrogant, petty, impatient, rude, tactless, too ambitious, treacherous, vengeant, criminal, whiney, confrontational, over-reaching, lying, cheating


            1. BORED.  This means the person is really not interested in his work, or not interested in being at work.  Often, the attention wanders and the quality of work suffers as a result.  It is a very common work problem.

              Example: A doctor has done the same kind of work for 30 years and needs a change.  However, he stays with his same job because he is paid well and has risen to a high level in the office due to his seniority.  His work gets sloppy as a result.

              A student has learned his material well, and is bored because the teacher is going over the same material very slowly for the other students.  So he stares out the window and does not pay much attention.

            Phrases: “This is stupid and I am not interested”.


2. LAZY.  This just means one does not want to do anything at all.  It is a very common problem.  At times, it has to do with low adaptive energy in the body, so that there is little desire or ability to get up and do anything.  However, in other cases, it is more psychological.  This can be a mental weakness, or a person can be spoiled by improper upbringing.  Other times, the person just does not understand how important work is.  They need to read this article carefully.

Examples: People who are lazy prefer watching television, or going on welfare, or watching others work rather than actually working.  They are parasites, meaning they don’t mind taking money from their parents or others, instead of working.  Others work, but they always do the minimum.  This is another form of laziness.  Other complain a lot and work very little.

Phrases:  Common phrases people use when lazy include “It’s too hard”, I’m busy”, “Why bother?”, or others.


3. DISTRACTED.  This problem is also very common.  All sorts of things get in the way of the work.  As a result, work is done poorly, or too slowly, and at times, it is not done at all.

            Examples: A secretary is typing a letter for her employer.  The telephone rings and it is her sister.  She talks about her new boyfriend for an hour on the telephone, and then discusses where they will go on their next vacation.  The letter isn’t ready for the boss when he needs it.

            A child is studying mathematics.  However, another child comes over and shows the first child his new toy robot that fires a weapon.  They play for a while, and the real job of learning math is forgotten.

              Phrases: “I am busy”.


4. CHILDISH OR IMMATURE.  This is all too common.  A person says he will do a job, but really he is only interested in the money or in the idea of working, but not really interested in working.  As a result, he does not show up for work, or shows up without the right tools and materials, and the work never begins.


5. ELITIST.  This means the job is beneath one’s dignity and therefore he or she should not do it.

Example.  Mother asks her child to clean up the cat litter box and take the dirty cat litter to the trash can.  The child thinks this is a very dirty job and someone else should do it.

Phrases: “I am too good for this job.”


6. BACK-SLAPPING.  This is the practice of making a loud and effusive display of friendliness, cordiality, etc., as by slapping persons on the back.

Examples:  Many mornings, Mr. Jones starts the day by pretending to take an interest in the cute secretary, including patting her on the back, and loudly and brashly saying, “Good morning, my friend”.

Phrases:  “I just love making a scene.”


7. BACK-BITING. To attack the character or reputation of a person who is not present.  This occurs often in some work and school situations.

Examples: As soon as the teacher left the room, one of the students started telling everyone that the teacher is an idiot, unfair and not nice.

Phrases: “I don’t like that person, but I won’t say it to his face.”


8. ANGRY.  Some people are angry most of the time.  In fact, they may take a job that they don’t like, or be with a boss they don’t like, just so they can continue to be angry.  This may sound strange, but it is common.

Examples: Bob always slams the door, growls at the other employees, and curses as he works.  A young woman student tends to talk back to the teacher, and acts nasty the other students.

Phrases: “I hate everyone and everything.”


9. CRAZY.  By this I mean someone who acts unpredictable, unstable and/or just strange.  At times, the person is mentally ill.  At other times, it is an act designed to get attention, frighten or disrupt things.

Examples: an office worker laughs out loud for no reason, sometimes gets very angry for no apparent reason, and makes faces at people walking by his desk.  He seems to enjoy this behavior.

Phrases: “I am just having fun being crazy”.


10. ARROGANT.  This is an attitude of self-importance, superiority, entitlement, or pretentiousness.

Examples: The company vice-president walked around as though he owned the whole building, and that everyone was his slave.

Phrases: “I am better than everyone else.”


11. PETTY. This means narrow-minded and focusing on silly details instead of on the main issues.

Examples: The teacher did not say anything about the wonderful work the student completed.  Instead, she complained that his hair was not combed well, and the paper he handed in was a little ruffled.

Phrases: “Little details mean a lot to me, and can wreck everything.”


            12. Impatient.  This  means restless, always wanting to move on, and unable to accept delays with calmness.

            Examples: A salesman lost many sales because he often looked at his watch and gave the impression that he was always late and needed to go to his next appointment.

              Phrases: “It is time to go.”


            13. RUDE.  Speaking or behaving in ways that are impolite, disrespectful or mean.

              Examples: A man working at the bank often interrupted the conversation of others, and said “shut up” or “get lost” to anyone who said anything he did not like.


            14. TACTLESS.  This means speaking or behaving in ways that are undiplomatic, offensive, insensitive, insulting or perhaps too blunt or direct.

            Examples:  When he tried to make a friend at work, a man called the other man “fat” and “sick-looking” as he spoke with him.

Phrases: “I don’t care about people’s feelings”.


15. Too ambitious.  The desire to advance or get ahead quickly, and at any cost, including hurting those around one.

Examples: The new employee spent a lot of energy trying to impress the boss and putting down the other employees in order to get a promotion for herself.

            Phrases: “I need to get ahead of everyone else.”


16. TREACHEROUS.  A secretly destructive, dangerous and betraying attitude or tendency.

              Examples: The electrician was hired to secure the wiring in the house.  However, the electrician did not like the owner of the house, so he wired the house in a way that a fire would start in the home.

            Phrases: “I will secretly betray you and destroy you.”


17. VENGEANT.  The desire for revenge or to avenge a prior insult or damage.

Examples:  A man deliberately took a job as a cashier with a company that had cheated him out of $100.00 dollars.  He decided he would steal money from the cash register until the debt was paid in full.

A child’s mother requires that her son get a haircut, when the child really wanted long hair.  To get revenge, the child decided not to clean up his room because he was so angry.

Phrases: “I will get back at you for what you did to me.”


18. CRIMINAL.  This is a tendency to break the law in order to get what one wants.  Common crimes include robbery, rape, murder, blackmail and others.

            Examples:  When a worker needed money, instead of working longer hours, he stole it. 

A college student found out that his professor secretly used heroine, and took a photo of this.  He sent the photo to the professor with a note saying that he had better receive all passing grades, or the photo will be sent to the president of the college and the professor will lose his job.

            Phrases: “I get what I want.”


19. WHINEY OR COMPLAINING.  This is the very annoying habit of not accepting things without voicing your discontent in a whiney tone.

            Examples: Every time it rained, or when he did not like an assignment, a young student reminded everyone that he hates rain and he hates long assignments.

            Phrases: “I just don’t like certain things and I say it.”


20. CONFRONTATIONAL.  The tendency to fight, oppose, challenge or clash with others.

              Examples:  Every time the instructor tried to speak about the Bible, one student who did not believe in God stood up and objected, so the instructor could not finish his thought.

            Phrases: “I will be heard.”


21. OVER-REACHING. The tendency to over-step or take liberties beyond what is permitted.

            Examples:  An attorney was told repeatedly by the judge that she may not ask a witness to a crime embarrassing questions about her own sex life.  However, the attorney persisted in an attempt to upset the witness.

              Phrases: “Give them an inch and they take a mile.”


22. LYING. Telling untruths or twisting the truth.

              Examples: The young lady did not do her homework, but in order to avoid punishment she told the teacher that her dog ate it.

              Phrases: “I say whatever I want to get my way.”


23. CHEATING OR CUTTING CORNERS. This consists of speech or behavior that reduces the quality of one’s work in some way.

Examples: One could use inferior materials, one might use the wrong tools, one might hurry the job to finish sooner, one might cover up mistakes instead of fixing them properly, or one might not finish the task properly.

            Phrases: “I am in a hurry, or need to make more money, and it does not matter because God is not watching.”


4. Relational issues.

low communication, not listening, not asking for help, not accepting enough help, exaggerating, just following orders, gossipy, too pleasing, not a team player, no coordination, making excuses, conditional, complaining.


1. LOW COMMUNICATION. This is a general lack of communication. 

Examples:  This can occur between workers on the same job, or between a worker and his supervisor or boss, or between a workman and the client.  It can also occur between a student and a teacher, or between the students doing a group project, for example.

            Phrases: “I don’t need to talk.”


2. NOT LISTENING.  In some cases, there is communication.  However, the worker or student does not really listen.  Therefore, the communication does not produce good results.

            Examples: The boss tells a worker to do a job differently.  However, the worker does not hear well so he does not receive the communication well.

            In other situations, the worker or student is preoccupied or distracted, and therefore does not listen well.

            Phrases: “I missed that.”


3. NOT ACCEPTING HELP.  This is less common, but important.  It means that someone offers you help with your work, but you refuse it.

Examples: A person needs help with a job.  His good friend offers to help so that it will be done on time.  However, the person refuses the offer or just ignore them.  A child decides to do everything himself or herself, and will not accept guidance from a parent or teacher.  This just slows everything down and causes frustration.

Phrases. “I can do it myself”.


            4. NOT ASKING OFTEN ENOUGH FOR HELP WITH WORK.  This can be due to low self-esteem, or a very negative belief that help is not out there.  It can also be a type of mental weakness.  As a result, such people reinvent the wheel.  This saying means that they have to learn from scratch and do not take advantage of the knowledge and experience of others.

              The Hebrew and Christian Bibles are rich with statements such as “Seek and ye shall find”, “Knock and the door shall be opened”, and “Ask and ye shall receive”.  This is to remind people that you must ask for help.  Prayer, for example, is a kind of asking.  At work, you must also ask for help, both in prayer and asking others.  If you don’t, usually your work will suffer.

Examples: A school-age child given the task of writing a report about zebras realizes he does not know how to research zebras on the internet.  He wastes several hours worrying about it and playing with the computer, instead of simply asking how to find the information he needs.

              Phrases.  “What do you know, anyway?”, “I don’t want to bother the teacher.”, “No one can help me”, or “I am a loser”.


5. EXAGGERATING. This means to think of or say that something is larger, greater, or more extreme or intense than it really is.  This is a common personality trait.  It is a form of lying that is often tolerated in society, but it is not a good trait.

            Examples:  A laborer says to his boss, “I had to go home because the rain was pouring down” (when really it was just a drizzle). 

A student might say to another student, “The test was very difficult” (when really it was not that difficult, but the student wants to scare the other person a little.)

Phrases: “I like to embellish the truth a little.”


6. JUST FOLLOWING ORDERS.  This occurs when a worker or student does not think much, but just does what one is told.  Sometimes, this is correct.  In this case, however, it means that one does not want to take full responsibility for one’s actions.

Examples:  The most famous example is when Adolf Hitler’s deputies were questioned as to why they carried out the task of murdering millions of innocent people, they answered “I just followed orders.”

Phrases: “I just do what I am told.”


7. GOSSIPY.  This is talking about people behind their backs, often exchanging rumors and damaging information about innocent people.

Examples: Betty was not at the water cooler at work one day when her co-worker told the others that she thought Betty was pregnant, though she did not know for sure.  Soon the rumor was spread throughout the office by other gossipers, even though it was not true.

Phrases: “We just love talking about other people.”


8. TOO PLEASING.  This is a personality weakness in which a person cannot stand up on his or her own.  Instead, the person bends to the desires, demands or standards of those around him or her.

              Examples:  The head nurse at the hospital wants everyone to wear the exact same nursing outfit, even though it is not required.  Instead of objecting, a weak-willed nurse gives away several hundred dollars of outfits she has bought and changes over to the ones the head nurse wants her to wear.

              A weak-minded student goes out of his way to please the teacher by emptying the trash every day, in order to get a better grade.

            A male worker goes to the company luncheons, even though they are a waste of time, just because everyone else attends.

            Phrases: “I feel so insecure that I better go along.”


9. NOT A TEAM PLAYER.  This is a common problem in some work situations involving several or more people.  In this situation, the worker just does not blend well or work well with others.

Examples: Everyone on a committee is willing to come to work a little once a week to discuss their progress.  However, one person just does not want to bother, and does not understand the team concept.

Phrases: “I am a lone wolf.”


10. NO COORDINATION.  Coordination is essential to accomplish many work tasks.  However, some people have difficulty working with others.

Examples: A road crew was getting ready to pave a new highway.  It required close coordination because one machine was leveling the road bed, while another was bringing the materials.  Due to lack of coordination, nothing arrived at the right time and the project was finished late.

Phrases: “I don’t know or care what my co-workers are doing.”


11. MAKING EXCUSES.  This is a common problem, and usually indicates an unwillingness to take full responsibility for your work.

            Examples: Mary always tended to excuse her absences and her mistakes at work.  Some days, she said, there was too much traffic to arrive at work on time.  Other days, the weather was bad.  Mistakes were usually due to someone else not writing clearly enough, or she had a headache.

              Phrases: “It is not my fault.”


12. Conditional.  This means that a person puts conditions on his working.

            Examples: A boy was given the assignment to write about zebras.  He tells the teacher that he will only do the report if he gets extra credit, and also only if he can hand it in late because his family wants to go on vacation.

            A business vice president tells his boss that all members of his team must be paid extra and sent to a health spa retreat if the company wants them to do their assigned job.

            Phrases: “I deserve special treatment.”


13. COMPLAINING.  This is rooted in pride, at times.  It is a whiney and cowardly attitude toward work.  It could also be a hidden agenda to get help or different work, or perhaps there is a real problem that needs solving.  In the latter case, it is not really complaining, but rather trying to ask for help, even if the method is not too effective.

Examples: Students often complain that they work too hard, they have to get up too early for school or work, or they don’t make enough money at school jobs, or that the school work is stupid and boring.

              Phrases. “I am better than this” or “This is stupid” or “It is too much”.


5. Bad work quality:

sloppy, late, giving up, cutting corners, incomplete, breach of contract, interrupted, intermittent, uncreative, chaotic, inefficient, slow, too much multi-tasking.


1. SLOPPY.  Work may get done, but it is done poorly in some way.

              Examples: A child gets a writing assignment.  He does the assignment, but his writing is not neat, the paper is dirty, or it is handed in upside down and without his name on it.

              A man takes his vehicle for servicing.  When he gets it back, the seat is all dirty because they did not clean it, there is grease on the steering wheel, they forgot to check some items, and they damaged other parts of the vehicle by accident.

            Phrases: “I don’t care”, “It doesn’t really matter”, or “God is not watching me”.


              2. LATE TO FINISH THE JOB.  This is basically procrastination.  It is very common, especially if one does not like one’s job, or just wants to play and relax instead of work.  In this sense, it is similar to laziness.

However, it can be a tendency to always be late for everything.  This can be a hidden agenda or a type of defiant attitudes.

Examples:  A doctor may schedule patients so that he is always running late.  Many doctors do this.  It makes them feel important and is a vampire tactic, in fact.  Mothers may arrive late for all appointments.  Repairmen sometimes do this, just to make people wait for them. 

Phrases. “I just have too much to do” or “They can wait”.


3. GIVING UP.  This occurs when a worker walks away from a job that he or she has not completed.  It is different from #5 below because in that case, the worker believes he has finished the job, but that is not true with giving up.

              Examples: An electrician began installing a light fixture, but half-way through the task he just disappeared and never returned to finish the job.  Someone else had to finish the job.

            Phrases: “I don’t like this job.”, “This job just does not pay enough money.”, or “I just found a better job.”


4. TAKING SHORTCUTS OR CHEATING.  Shortcuts can be of many types.

Examples: Some people cut corners when they do jobs, or they cheapen products they make.  Others lie a little about their work, charge too much money for their work, or are dishonest about what work they completed.

            Phrases:  Phrases used by those who cheat at work include: “Everyone does it”, “So what?”, “I can get away with it” and “God is not watching.”  This last one is particularly pernicious because it means the person thinks he or she is getting away with their little games, when it is not true.


5. INCOMPLETE.  This is when a worker believes a job is done, but in fact the work is not completed.  This could be due to misunderstanding, or it could occur for other reasons.

Examples: A contractor agrees to build an addition onto a building.  However, delays occur and the contractor wants to go on to his next job.  He tells his client that the work is complete so he can leave, but he knows it is not complete.

Phrases: “I have worked at this job long enough.”


6. BREACH OF CONTRACT.  This means that a worker does not live up to the terms of his work agreement in some way.

Examples: An office worker agrees to make 100 copies of an important document.  However, when the work is examined carefully, only 90 copies are found.

A college student agrees to do his homework every day and write two research papers to finish his degree program.  However, she tires of the work and never does the second research paper.

Phrases: “I don’t feel like completing everything that is required of me.”


7. INTERRUPTED.  This means that the work starts, then stops, then starts again.

Examples:  The construction crew arrived and began tearing up the yard.  However, then they were called away to another job and the project stopped for a month.  Then the crew came back and finished the task.

Phrases: “I have something more important to do than this job right now.”


8. INTERMITTENT.  This is somewhat similar to #7 above.  Intermittent means on again, off again.

Examples: James was not a very steady worker.  He would come to work on Monday, then skip work for a day or two, and then show up for another day or two, and then not show up for another day or two.

Phrases: “I come to work when I want to”.


9. UNCREATIVE.  This means that work is completed, but it is done in a mechanical and somewhat unintelligent manner.

Examples: A book editor was in the habit of printing the entire book he was editing, and then using his red pen to mark up the text.  He could have used a word processor to edit, and it would have been easier, faster and he could probably do a better job.

Phrases: “I like doing things the old way.”


10. CHAOTIC.  This means that a person performs a task in a way that is disorganized, confused, messy, or disordered.

Examples: The desks were a complete mess, phones were ringing but no one answered, and no one seemed to know what to do.

Phrases: “Getting organized is too much trouble.”


            11. INEFFICIENT USE OF TIME.  This occurs when a person does not work “smart”.  In other words, in all work situations, there are ways to do things that require the least time and energy.  This is the meaning of working efficiently.

            Working efficiently is a mark of a good business in the Western world.  It is not an easy task.  One must balance efficiency with things like safety, purity, correctness, cleanliness, quality, looks, speed, thoroughness and perhaps other qualities of your work.

Examples: A person might decide to write a book, but does not use a computer to do it because they don’t like computers, or don’t want to learn how to use a word processor.  As a result, it takes much longer to write the book.

Inefficiencies occur when workers are not prepared, use the wrong tools, don’t think through what they are doing, waste time with distractions, work with the wrong people, and much more.

            Phrases:   Phrases used by those who work inefficiently may include “I’m going to do it right” and “I’m going to do it the traditional way”.  Sometimes these are good things, but they can mean that you don’t want to learn better ways to do things.


13. SLOW. Work may be done slowly for a number of reasons.

            Examples: Jack was a perfectionist and always took twice as long to finish a job because he kept checking every step to make sure it was perfect.

            The union told the factory workers to slow down because the company would not negotiate with the union.

            Laura took twice as long as anyone else to finish her school assignment because she daydreamed, staring out the window for 10 minutes at a time.


14. TOO MUCH MULTI-TASKING.  Multi-tasking means doing several tasks at once.  Some work requires this, and it can be a helpful ability.  However, too much multi-tasking means that a worker tries to do too many things at one time.  This often reduces the quality of his work or slows it down.

Examples: A mother was cleaning the house.  However, the phone rang three times, two people came to the door, and halfway through she remembered she needed to cook dinner for several friends who were coming over later.  As a result, the house did not get very clean.


6. Mental problems

mental worry, too analytical, low self-esteem, unaware of the body, unaware of the environment, distant, hurried, disorganized, confused, careless, psychoses and neuroses, too sexy, too focused.


1. MENTAL WORRY.  This means that one has a mental weakness that causes one to hesitate, withdraw in fear and anxiety, and usually one never gets the project off the ground.

Examples: A young woman is given the task of running a committee to raise several thousand dollars for a charity.  However, she has never done this before, although she has some experience with charities.  She is basically terrified, fearful of what she is asked to do, hesitates, and does nothing.

A child may be given a task to write about zebras.  However, the child is afraid of the whole task, so just worries about every day, but does not do the report.

A young person is offered a wonderful job where she can learn about nutrition and health.  However, instead of accepting the job or even learning what it involves, she worries that she can’t do it well enough, it might not work out, she might fail, it might be too hard, and other concerns.  So she does not accept the job offer.

Phrases: “I just can’t do this”.


            2. TOO ANALYTICAL.  In this case, a person analyzes the job to plan his work.  However, instead of just planning it, he or she keeps analyzing and re-analyzing to figure out how best to do the job.  This may be needed, but often it is excessive and is a type of obsessive mental condition.

              Examples: One might want to build a shed.  However, instead of just drawing some plans and getting the materials together, the person keeps redrawing the plans over and over for weeks, making little changes, perhaps, in the size, shape, or configuration.  The only problem is that the shed never gets built, or it takes a year to build something that could have been done in a week.

              A child may need to write a report about zebras.  Instead of just reading about zebras and then writing the report, the child keeps thinking about the report.  For weeks, he or she wonders how to present the material, whether to include photos, whether to go visit a place where they have zebras you can pet, and more, all without really sitting and writing the report.

Phrases: “I better check my plans again.”


3. LOW SELF-ESTEEM. This can mean the person does not think he or she is capable of doing a good job, or the person cannot handle success very well.

Examples: Mary was so convinced she could not finish a big job for her boss, that it actually caused her to quit the task early.

Phrases: “I am not capable or deserving of this task”.


4. UNAWARE OF THE BODY.  This occurs when a worker does not pay enough attention to his or her body while working.

              Examples: The nurses did not even stop work to have lunch, or even to go to the bathroom.

Phrases: “I am too busy to stop” or “Just let me work.”


5. UNAWARE OF THE ENVIRONMENT OR DISCONNECTED. This is the situation in which a worker is too focused on his work and does not realize what is going on around him.

            Examples: The weather might be too cold or too hot to work, it might start raining, there might be too much noise, or a vehicle might be driving toward the worker and could hit him, but the worker does not look up and take notice.

The repairman bumped into the wall, knocked over a vase, and acted as though he did not see these things as he walked by.

            Phrases: “I am busy” or “Just let me work.”


6. DISTANT. This means “off in the clouds”, spacey, or “not all there”.

Examples: Susie had a glazed look in her eyes and was clearly thinking about something other than her work.

Phrases: “I am far away.”


7. HURRIED.  This is very common.  Work quality may suffer, or the work must be done over because it is not done well the first time.

              Examples: The doctor spoke so fast that the patient had to ask her to repeat everything she had said.

              The student was in such a hurry to finish the test that she forgot to answer several questions.

            Phrases: “I need to finish this quickly.”


8. DISORGANIZED.  There are many ways one’s work can be disorganized. 

Examples: The auto repairman was definitely disorganized.  His tools were hard to find, the work space was cluttered, and the parts and other materials were scattered all around.

Phrases: “I just can’t seem to get organized.”


9. CONFUSED. Confusion can arise in many ways when one is working.

Examples: Johnny’s teacher definitely seemed confused.  She opened the wrong book, turned to the wrong page, and mixed up the names of two students.

Phrases: “I am not sure what I am doing.”


10. CARELESS. This means negligent, slovenly, or done without enough care or thought.

Examples: The gardener left his tools around the garden, the sidewalk was full of dirt, and the plants were planted in a random fashion instead of in rows, as was agreed upon.

Phrases: “I don’t really care how I do the job.”


11. PSYCHOSES AND NEUROSES.  Pychoses are severe mental disturbances such as schizophrenia or psychopathic behavior such as murdering or raping someone.  Neurotic mental disturbances are mental fixations, hangups, and other less severe emotional disturbances of parts of the personality.

              Examples: The policeman unfortunately had a fear of dogs, and could not do his job too well for this reason.

              Phrases: “I just am so afraid.”


12. TOO SEXY. This means a worker whose attention is too focused on sex in some way.

Examples: The worker had a habit of whistling at every lady who passed by the store.  He would also stare and make rude comments.

Phrases: “I just get too excited by sexy people.”


13. TOO FOCUSED. This means that a worker is so focused on his or her work that an interruption is very upsetting or even traumatic for them.

Examples: Billy liked learning on the computer.  He had to be dragged away from the computer for meals and to go to bed.

Bob loved his work with the animals in the barn.  However, he was so focused that it was impossible to talk to him while he worked.

              Phrases: “I just love what I am doing.”


7. Bad motivations for work

Self-serving, protecting another, system problems, hidden agendas, no enjoyment, too ambitious, criminal.


1. SELF-SERVING.  This means that although one is working for another, the person acts in such a way that it benefits himself or herself a lot.

Examples: John does his job, but spends a lot of the work time on the telephone promoting himself to others. 

Phrases: “I do this job mainly for myself.”


            2. PROTECTING ANOTHER.  This means that one may seem to be working for “the boss” or “the client”, but in fact one is working in a way that protects another person.

              Examples: A man goes to his doctor, thinking the does only what is best for his patients.  However, the truth is the doctor first answers to his medical board, then to his attorney (practicing defensive medicine), and then has to answer to his hospital bosses or clinic director.  As a result, the patient does not receive the best care.

              Phrases: “I do what I need to do to keep my job.”


            3. SYSTEM PROBLEMS. These are issues that are outside the bounds of a person’s job or work, but that seriously affect how things are done.

Examples:  School teachers often complain that they would like to just teach the students.  However, “the public school system” demands that they spend a lot of time on silly tests, evaluations, and other things that just seem to waste time.  As a result, many teachers are unhappy and stressed.

Phrases: “The system is destroying our work.”


4. HIDDEN AGENDAS.  Some workers may seem to be interested and excited with their work.  However, in reality they have hidden motives for working.

              Examples: Jake loved his job driving a limousine for a large company.  He did not tell the boss that what he really loved was taking his girlfriend for joy rides in the limousine when no one would find out.

              Phrases: “I don’t work here for the reasons I say.”


5. NO ENJOYMENT.  Some workers just do not enjoy their work.  They would rather be at home, or perhaps they would prefer a different type of work or at least a different environment.

              Examples: Donna is a single mother who needs to work because she needs the income.  However, she hates leaving her 2-year-old child at daycare all day long, and she would much prefer to be at home with her child than sitting in a boring office answering the telephone every day.

              Phrases:  “I would much prefer being somewhere else right now.”


6.  TOO AMBITIOUS.  Some workers are so intent on moving up in the company or promoting themselves to the boss or to others that it interferes with their work.  Some ambition to do an excellent job is fine.  When excessive, however, it is not good.

            Examples: Deborah was intent on becoming in charge of her department to such a degree that she made up stories about her co-workers that were totally untrue to make them appear stupid so that she would get the promotions, and not them.

              Phrases: “I will get ahead in this job, even if it means hurting the other workers.”


7. CRIMINAL.  At times, a worker chooses a field to work in, or a location so that he or she can embezzle money, do harm to other workers, learn how to cheat, or to commit other crimes such as robbery or even rape.

Examples: Bob took a job in the financial industry so that he could learn how to steal money from clients.  Joann took a job at a bank so that she could help her husband rob the bank once Joann learned the combination to the safe.

            Phrases: “I love this job for the criminal opportunities it presents.”


8. SEXUAL MOTIVES.  This is when a worker takes a job only because he or she is looking for sexual partners, and it interferes with work.  The person may be a sexual predator, or may just want sexual contacts.  The person’s attention is not on their work.

Examples: Joan took a job as a receptionist because she was pretty and really liked sitting with her legs exposed so that everyone could admire her pretty body.  Jim took a job at the local athletic club because he knew that some pretty girls worked out at the club and he could secretly find out their address and phone number and solicit them for sex.

Phrases: “I’m here for the girls (or boys).”




            Many lessons are learned while working.  Among the most important are:


            1. Skills.  Work is the main place where people learn practical skills, not high school, college or surfing the internet.  

            2. Self-discipline.  This includes how to show up on time every day, how to be patient with people, how to stick with a task even if you feel frustrated, and more.

            3. The value of money.  Working often teaches how to value your time and your money, since you are earning money with your time and labor.

            4. How the economy works.  Working different jobs is wonderful to learn how things get done in society, and why things are done in certain ways and not others.  This is one of the greatest benefits of working a number of jobs or in a capacity in which you experience different tasks or jobs, as part of your work.

5. What is real and what is unreal.  Working often helps a person to figure out what really matters, and what is just superficial or silly.

6. Self-esteem.  Work is superb to build self-esteem, provided you are able to do the work and the environment is friendly. 

7. Your loves.  Only by working can most of us learn what we are good at, what we like and don’t like to do.

8. How one fits into society, or one’s niche.  Most people spend a lot of their time at their job.  It becomes their way of contributing to society, meeting friends, finding a partner, and more.




            Work is always part of a larger economic and social system of a community, nation and planet.  Some people understand this well.  They are usually much more successful with their work.  Others have more difficulty understanding the work context, as I will call it.  Always try to see your work or your job as part of a larger picture and it will help you to be more successful at it.




Every type of work consists of various components, all of which have to be done correctly.  This bears directly on the problems of work discussed above.  Here I will just list the components, not the problems:


1. You have to show up properly.  This means getting to work on time, dressing properly, looking acceptable, and being ready to work.  It means you must not arrive to work exhausted, high on drugs, drunk, or in a terrible mood, for example.


2. You must have certain skills to do the work, although you may be able to develop them on the job.


3. You must complete the tasks given to you correctly, according to the standards of the boss or the person asking for the work.  For example, the work may need to be completed in a certain time period, in a clean way, or in a thorough way.  This is important because the completion of the task may not be the way you would want it.  But this is not what matters when you work for others.


4. You must be pleasant and cooperative as you work.  For example, you may need to address people in a certain way, speak certain words to customers, have a cooperative attitude all the time, and generally treat people well.


5. For real success, you need to develop your creative flair or way of doing things.  This always helps a person succeed and enjoy any type of job, work situation or career.


            6. For even more success, it helps to have “the big picture.”  This involves seeing how your work fits into the larger context of society, as is discussed in the section in this article entitled The Work Context. 

Seeing the big picture may also mean seeing how your work is needed in the world so that you realize your worth and your contribution to world peace and prosperity.


            7. For an even greater sense of accomplishment and joy, it helps to see your work as part of your mental and spiritual development.  This is not esoteric or religious.  It simply means that working is one way to develop yourself, so you might as well use your work or job or career to further your mental, emotional, physical and all aspects of personality integration and development.


            If you have difficulty keeping jobs, please review this list and usually you will see why you are having problems.




All work requires skills, tools and the willingness to use them properly and diligently.  Let us discuss these aspects of work.


1. Work requires skills.  This is an axiom of all types of work. Some work requires a lot of skill, while other work requires less, but skill is always required for work or it is not really work.

Some skills can be learned quickly on the job.  Others may be present from birth such as an ear for music, and still others may take years to learn if you practice hard.  You will be more successful at most all jobs if you keep developing your skills.

            Your skills must also be practical to be useful at work. Having skill at making horsewhips used for horse-drawn carriages may be nice, but are no longer needed in societies that use automobiles, for example.  This brings us to a concept of skills called the skill mix.

            The skill mix.  Many jobs require a mix of skills.  For example, a job may require the ability to 1) speak clearly, 2) write reports, 3) handle people’s complaints calmly and patiently, and 4) proficiency with a computer.  The more of these skills that you have or can develop, the easier it will be to find a job and to find a career or work that you love.

              This is why parents do not serve their children well when they do everything for the children.  Indeed, making the children do chores and get jobs is one of the best things for a young person, providing the situation is safe.


            2. Work always involves tools.  These are often objects or techniques that extend your reach, extend your strength, or extend your vision, your hearing, or some other faculty or skill. 

Tools can be physical tools such as a hammer or screwdriver.  They can also be more complex such as a computer.  Tools can also be methods or techniques for doing tasks quickly and efficiently.

The more familiar you are with tools in the area in which you work, the more successful you will be with work.


            3. The willingness to use your skills and tools in a consistent, pleasant and productive manner.  This is the third component of any type of work.  It is not enough to have skills and tools.  One must also be able and willing to use them to help others.




            You will always do better if you enjoy your work.  If you don’t like it, often you will “burn out” or your work quality will decline and you may lose your job.

Finding the right work can be a challenge because most of us do not know our real likes and dislikes, or even our strengths and weaknesses.  This is one reason it is good to hold many jobs.  This is often the only way to figure out what you are good at, and what types of work you really like.

            Also, a new work situation can seem daunting, or even impossible.  But if you persist, you may do very well with it.  In contrast, a work situation that feels wonderful at first may not continue to feel good.  You could become bored, or you might find you don’t the people you are working with.

For example, those who decide to become nutritional balancing consultants are often afraid and hesitant, at first.  The work can seem difficult and even scary.  However, if they stay with it, usually it becomes easier and more enjoyable as one learns more.  Then it can be very rewarding.  For a few, however, it is not for them, and that is fine, too.

Most people find that they must simply start to work, and if they are alert and sensitive, they often figure out in which direction or which niche is going to work out for them.  This brings us to an essential idea with work, which is markets.




            There are basically two types of economies.  Many nations have a mixture of these two, depending on the industry. 

            The term free markets generally refers to a system in which buyers and sellers are free to choose the services and products they wish to buy and sell.  Also, they are free to choose whom they want to hire, fire and with whom they want to work and do business with.  This economic system is the most successful type.  It is found in the capitalist nations around the world.

            A command economy is the type found in communist and socialist nations in which the government decides which products and services will be offered, who may offer them, when they may be offered, and sometimes they decide on the price, and even how many units will be produced or offered. 

This type of economy is much less efficient and less successful than a free market economy.  One of the main reasons is that workers in a capitalist nation are mobile, can change jobs at will, can find their niche, can balance rewards such as wages, work environment, work hours, and other things to their liking.

In addition, no government is very good at figuring out everything people need and want, at regulating all the prices, and at figuring out who will really do the best job of providing the goods and services that people need.  You may not agree with this, but it is the truth.




            All nations and municipalities set up laws and regulations about work.  These include what types of work are legal, who can do the work, worker health and safety regulations, union rules, working hours, compensation guidelines, benefit guidelines, and more.  Working within these guidelines is called legal work.  Doing something outside of these guidelines is not legal.

            Types of criminal work.  Several types of criminal work activities occur in all locations:

              1. Minor breaking of some work laws.  For example, this might be to not give your employee an employment contract when it is required by law.  It might involve not giving employees morning and afternoon breaks that are required by law. 

It might involve not withholding income taxes, Social Security taxes or Medicare taxes as required by law in the USA and elsewhere.  Instead, an employer may just let the  employees handle this.  Small businesses sometimes do this to save time and reduce paperwork that governments require.

            Another example of breaking the rules occurs when an employer hires people who have entered the nation illegally.  These workers are not citizens, they do not pay income taxes, and are legally not permitted to work in the nation.  Employers usually hire them because they work for less money.  In some cases, they may hire them if they are the only workers available for some jobs, such as picking vegetables.

Some would say that hiring illegal workers is a major infraction of the law.  Illegal workers take jobs away from legal workers.  They also rob the government of income tax money.  They may also use social services such as hospitals, schools, and other welfare services, for which they do not contribute anything.

            2. Black market activity. In places with a lot of restrictions, people often break the rules just to serve others.  This is called a black market.  It means that the needs of people for goods and services encourages some people to offer the requested services and goods, even if the product, service or work conditions are not legal.

For example, the European Union does not permit the importation of American vitamins without crushing taxes and paperwork.  So some companies smuggle the vitamins into the country, breaking the rules but satisfying a real need of the people.

            3. Patronage or cronyism.  This is the awarding of favors and preference to some businesses over others due to corruption or bribes.  It is a common situation, especially in socialist and communist nations.  For example, a small group may control the oil market, or trash collection, or deciding who gets on welfare, or handing out licenses for taxicabs, doctors, dentists or other types of legal work.

              The result, in many cases, is that a small group controls an entire industry, and profits from it greatly at the expense of the public.

              4. Organized illegal work.  Groups such as the Mafia, the KGB, and other crime syndicates such as drug gangs set up entire illegal industries.  Among the common ones are prostitution, human trafficking, illegal dumping of toxic waste, weapons smuggling, and drug smuggling.  To do this, they usually murder their enemies, launder the money so it cannot be traced back to them, infiltrate the local police, and bribe the legislators and politicians.  Thus they engage in many illegal practices in order to continue their illegal industry.

            5. Criminal infiltration into legal industries.  The same players – Mafia, KGB and other crime syndicates - often infiltrate legal industries.  They may murder the owners of the business and just take it over.  Alternatively, they may rape the owners or threaten them in various ways to influence how they do business, often so they will pay “protection money” to the Mafias and others to “prevent” any further problems.




            In every economy, there are people who do not work, or whose work is bogus.  This is destructive for the person, and for society.  They essentially live off the work of others.

Cheaters and liars find various ways of doing this.  Some are government employees who do little work, but are paid good salaries because they “know people”.  Others cheat the government, commiting fraud by lying about their activities.  Others receive disability payments or other government “benefits” when they don’t need or deserve them.  Some also receive money for living from their parents or others.

            This is an important topic because a society will not do well if there are too many parasites living off the work of others.  It is best if everyone works. 




            The definition of an entrepreneur is a person who starts and owns a business, generally.  However, in terms of work, an entrepreneur is usually someone who performs many kinds of work in the business, and hopefully enjoys it.

For example, entrepreneurs are ready to do the sales and marketing work, the actual tasks of a business, the bookkeeping, paying the taxes and other expenses, and managing the entire enterprise.

In contrast, other workers are specialists and only do one type of work or task, in general.




            Some may be surprising.  We usually think that people work for money.  However, if you ask people, they will tell you that some people work to be with friends, to be accepted in a group, to socialize, to build their self-esteem and character, to get love or ‘strokes’, to meet people, to pass the time, to gain power, to become famous, to learn things, to control others or to control a situation, because they like the activity, or because they like following or giving orders.

            This is important to know if you are employer, for example.   You will need to arrange things so your employees are content if you want to hold on to them. 

These motives for working are important if you are an employee because only if you are honest with yourself  will you tend to choose and keep work that you find satisfying.




            Among the most important are selfishness, laziness, and childishness.  Success at work requires taking responsibility, and showing up even if you don’t feel too energetic or excited about being at work.  These are adult traits and many people have difficulty with them.

Some people are simply not service-oriented, and don’t like helping others.  Some people simply afraid of working, although this usually vanishes as they get more experience in the workaday world.




            Monopolies are an important work topic.  The amount a person can charge, and the work conditions, are dependent, in part, on how much competition exists.  A monopoly is a work situation in which there is little or no competition.  Monopolies are of two types:

1. A natural monopoly.  This occurs when only one person or company can provide a good or service.  For example, let us say you need someone to fix your computer, and there is only one person around who knows how to fix your machine.  That person would have a natural monopoly.  As a result, everyone must come to that person, and he or she can charge lots of money and set the work conditions, etc.

Natural monopolies of this sort occur in some fields.  They do not upset the work market too much.  In a free market, if the demand is high enough, other people will realize that a good work opportunity exists and they will go to school or do whatever they need in order to learn how to fix computers, for example, and they will end the natural monopoly and serve the people better. 

Now and then a natural monopoly remains, and this is okay, too.  For example, if you want a Picasso painting, you will have to go to that artist to get it and you will have to pay his price.  If you don’t like that, then you are free to get a different artist’s painting.


2. A legal or government monopoly.  This is an artificial monopoly that many professional groups such as doctors set up to protect their salaries, mostly.

            For example, around 1910 in America doctors banded together to pass laws in all states that only licensed doctors can practice medicine and work in hospitals.  The same thing has happened in other professions such as chiropractors, hair stylists, real estate agents, attorneys and others.

When a person wants one of these services, they find that although many people could provide the service, only one or two have the required license, so it forces people to patronize the licensed person.

While this is an old trick of many professions to limit the competition, it is a very bad idea for an economy and for workers who just want to serve others.  The profession always stresses that these laws are “needed” to assure quality, studies show that this is not true.  The real reason for government-imposed or legal monopolies is generally to protect the salaries of the professionals by getting rid of competition. 

So please don’t listen to those who say that occupational licenses are needed in any profession.  They don’t assure competence, and competence can be assured better by methods such as certification, which is not a legal monopoly.  Certification means that one has completed certain courses that demonstrate competence.  However, anyone can still offer services, even if he or she is not certified.


            Cartels.  A cartel is very similar to a monopoly, except that it is not composed of only one person or one group.  Instead, a small number of individuals or groups control an industry.

            Cartels can also be natural or government-created.  They can also be legal or illegal.  For example, illegal cartels include drug cartels.  These control the drug market by murdering the competition, in most cases – not a legal way to secure business.




            This is part of nutritional balancing science.  Work always relates to the system of seven energy centers on the physical body.  Here is how:


First center work. This is work done for survival.  It is usually rather selfishly undertaken to make money or get credits.  While you serve others, it is more about oneself.


Second center work.  This work is also done mainly for survival, but it may be emotional survival as much as physical survival.  It also tends to be somewhat selfish.


Third center work.  This is work done to give you power and control over others.  Again it tends to be somewhat selfish.


Fourth center work.  All work is about the fourth energy center, which is why this article is important.  The fourth center has to do with business relationships, give and take, and getting along with others in casual or work situations.

            Holding a job is wonderful to help develop the fourth energy center.  As explained above, work teaches many lessons about getting along with others, helping others, improving self-esteem, and more.


Fifth center work.  This is work that is creative such as writing, art, engineering, construction and more.  This is work undertaken to express yourself in the world.  It is harder to find, at times, and may take some years to find in some cases.


Sixth center work.  A few people work around the world and extend their knowledge and wisdom to others in service.  This is excellent work for anyone.  One must develop one’s brain and body sufficiently to reach this level.


Seventh center work.  This is usually guided work that helps make large changes in society at subtle or spiritual levels.  It might include certain products and services that people need to develop themselves or heal themselves at deep levels, for example.



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