By Lawrence Wilson, MD
© July 2014, The Center For Development, Inc.
is a worldwide disaster that affects almost all families in some manner. It has several causes. Nutritional imbalances such as
hypoglycemia plays a much greater role than is acknowledged in medical and
Alcoholics Anonymous or AA is a fabulous organization founded by Mr. Bill Wilson in the mid-twentieth century. Even he learned about the role of nutrition in alcoholism near the end of his life. His wife, Lois, wrote about it in a pamphlet entitled, The Vitamin B3 Therapy: A Third Communication to AA’s physicians. She wrote:
“Aldous Huxley, a great admirer of A.A., introduced Bill to two psychiatrists who were researching the biochemistry of alcoholism. He was convinced of the truth of their findings and realized he could again help his beloved alcoholics by telling them about the physical (nutritional) component of alcoholism.”
This article discusses some of the major nutritional causes for alcohol addiction and cravings. These include nutrient deficiencies, toxic metal excess, adrenal gland exhaustion or overactivity, hypoglycemia and chronic yeast infection in the intestines.
is a fascinating compound. It is a
high-energy molecule that can release tremendous energy to the body when it is
chemically broken down. Our bodies
will ‘run on alcohol’, though it is an unhealthy fuel for us that leads to
depletion of specific nutrients including zinc,
magnesium, copper, iron and some B-complex vitamins, among others.
A vicious cycle often ensues when nutritional deficiencies develop. The body’s natural energy system becomes crippled and lethargy develops. This can cause a craving for alcohol as the fuel of choice, since it uses a different metabolic pathway to produce energy in the body. Once one begins drinking alcohol the nutrient deficiencies worsen, and this further increases the cravings for alcohol or sugar.
This has been a problem for centuries and will continue until it is thoroughly understood. It is extremely difficult for anyone today to meet their nutritional needs, due to the use of hybrid crops grown with pesticides on depleted soils. Most of us also eat processed and refined foods that are deficient in nutrients. We must understand this fact, as it impacts alcoholics more than many other people.
The founder of Alcoholics Anonymous understood this late in his life. His followers, sadly, often serve coffee, sugary donuts and other totally deficient foods to the faithful who are attempting to kick the alcohol habit. Their success would be so much greater if they included less sweet food and more nutrient-rich foods in the official AA regimen.
other articles on this website discuss the abomination of modern mankind’s
refined food diets. Here I will
only say the modern diet does little to assist alcoholics to overcome their
addiction. Fortunately, we have
many vitamin and mineral supplements readily available to help rebuild the nutrient
levels. However, food must not be
ignored, either. Just a pile of
pills is not good enough.
Also, beware as it takes some time to replenish a depleted body, especially in the case of minerals. The reason for this has much to do with the accumulation of toxic metals in the bodies.
metal excess is a problem for all of humanity today due to industrialization,
contamination of the water, air and food, and the problem discussed above of
nutrient depletion. As
deficiencies in vital minerals develop, the body accumulates toxic minerals to
replace some of the vital ones.
The process is somewhat like replacing the right key in a lock with another that fits in the keyhole but the lock cannot open. As this process continues, the body functions at a lower and lower level of enzyme efficiency and energy. Turning the body around and correcting the problem is slow at first and takes a number of years.
Cravings may persist for years. This helps explain why many
alcoholics must stay on a strict regimen of alcohol avoidance for their entire
lives. It might not be so if they
regenerated their nutrient levels, but this takes a lot more work and knowledge
The issue of toxic metals is far worse in alcoholics. One reason is that many alcoholics tend to be even more nutritional deficient than other people. Alcohol is high in calories. Many who drink alcohol substitute it for food. Also, alcohol itself depletes the body of B-complex vitamins, zinc, magnesium and other nutrients. A hangover is mainly an acute nutritional deficiency.
Toxic metals are vital replacement parts
for a depleted body. Toxic
metals, to use a slightly different analogy, are like replacement parts in a
car that don’t function quite correctly.
This leads to symptoms that hinder recovery and cause the persistence of
irritability, depression, fatigue, mood swings and other problems.
In particular, many alcoholics develop copper and cadmium toxicity as a result of zinc deficiency. This can result in many serious conditions. Many alcoholics also smoke. Cigarettes not only further deplete nutrients. They contain cadmium, arsenic and other anti-nutrients that replace zinc in the body, worsening nutritional depletion and contributing to other illnesses.
THE ADRENAL/THYROID FATIGUE CONNECTION
all alcoholics, as well as those with other addictions, are actually
tired. They use drugs to forget
their fatigue in order to make life more bearable. Drugs including alcohol provide a lift for a while, but leave
a person feeling worse when they wear off. The desire for another “hit” then becomes even stronger.
Recovery involves feeling the despair of having very low energy and taking the time to rest and relax, rather than just keeping going at all cost. This is very difficult for many people. Another article on this website entitled, Addiction discussed the theory of addictions and many other aspects of addiction.
CANDIDA ALBICANS INFECTION
all have some degree of infection in the intestines with Candida Albicans,
a common yeast organism. The infection may not produce any recognizable
symptoms, so it is often a hidden condition. Read about it by clicking on the link above.
A healthy body resists yeast overgrowth. However, if one eats sugar, excessive carbohydrates in the diet or alcohol, the yeast organisms survive and grow. Nutritional imbalances involving copper also impair the body’s natural ability to recognize and kill candida and other yeasts in the intestines.
Candida albicans overgrowth is a key to understanding alcoholism in many cases. The yeast itself produces a small quantity of alcohol as part of its metabolic processing of sugar. It is the same process that is used to make wine, beer and other fermented beverages.
However, for the alcoholic, extra alcohol production spells loads of trouble. It helps perpetuate strong cravings. It also produces chemicals that are highly toxic to the body, including alcohol and acetaldehyde. These further impair liver activity and further slow one’s healing process.
People with candida overgrowth are slightly inebriated all the time. They may stop drinking, but their internal alcohol production continues, especially if they eat a diet with any sugars in it, including fruit. Too much starch and other complex carbohydrates in the diet also predisoposes one to yeast problems.
Thus, even if one does not drink, a person often continues to experience some of the effects of alcohol intoxication including fatigue, irritability and alcohol and sugar cravings. This can seriously interfere with recovery efforts.
Also, anyone with candida albicans overgrowth who temporarily stops eating sugar or carbohydrates can experience symptoms of alcoholic withdrawal, including strong cravings for sugar, carbohydrates, or alcohol. This can be extremely confusing until one recognizes the connection between diet, alcoholism and the overgrowth of candida and other yeasts in the body. Much more could be said about this connection, but I have covered the essential points.
HYPOGLYCEMIA AND ALCOHOL
Hypoglycemia is one of the most common biochemical imbalances associated with alcoholism. This is often also true for other addictions as well. Hypoglycemia literally means low blood sugar. However, it may also refer to low cellular energy production from a variety of causes.
Blood sugar testing. Over 70% of Americans have abnormal
glucose tolerance tests. However,
among alcoholics the percentage is between 85-95%. Dr. Larson notes in her excellent book about alcoholism that
many doctors still do not want to bother with a five or six-hour glucose
tolerance test to detect hypoglycemia.
Also, some doctors do not interpret the test correctly, thus missing the problem. Dr. Robert Atkins, MD, former director of the Atkins Center in New York City, found that 75% of his patients had abnormal glucose tolerance tests, especially if insulin is measured along with glucose. He found that for accurate results, one must measure insulin along with glucose.
I do not bother with glucose tolerance testing because:
1. It is costly, cumbersome, and occasionally even dangerous. 2. Symptoms are often a better guide to the presence of hypoglycemia than the glucose tolerance test. (The test can be normal and one can still have serious hypoglycemia because the test only measures the blood, whereas the hypoglycemia can be at a cellular level.)
3. I prefer to assume that all alcoholics have abnormal blood sugar regulation. A complete nutritional balancing program will correct this, in most all cases, and this is all that is needed.
Symptoms of hypoglycemia. Among the common symptoms are:
1. Irritability before meals that improves upon eating.
2. Extreme hunger that can come on fast.
3. Inability to skip meals or eat late.
4. Cravings for sugars, starches or alcohol.
5. Nervousness, irritability, exhaustion, dizziness, tremors, faintness, cold sweats, headaches, forgetfulness, insomnia, anxiety, confusion, and heart palpitations. These generally occur several hours after eating, or soon after eating a sugary snack.
Hypoglycemia in fast and slow oxidizers. The cause for hypoglycemia are different in fast and slow oxidizers. One can also have a combination of the two. Here is a brief summary of the causes:
Fast oxidizer or reactive hypoglycemia. The body must have fat with every meal to keep the blood sugar stable. Fat contains more calories and has a stabilizing, calming effect on those in fast oxidation.
Meanwhile, eating sugars, fruit,
starches or other carbohydrates or alcohol raises the blood sugar level. In response, the pancreas begins to
secrete insulin to lower the blood sugar.
Normally, this should return the blood sugar level to its original
However, in people with hypoglycemia, the pancreas overreacts and within several hours the blood sugar level declines too much. This can cause weakness, confusion, depression, irritability and intense cravings as the brain begins to starve for fuel.
At this point, the adrenal glands often kick in to raise the sugar level. The adrenalin reaction can cause extreme anxiety, nervousness, cold sweats and other symptoms. Drinking more alcohol or eating more sugar can alleviate some of the symptoms and becomes very attractive.
As this cycle continues over time, the pancreas and the adrenals become exhausted, which only makes the problem worse. Persistent fatigue and depression may set in. Even if one stops drinking, the cravings, irritability and fatigue continue.
Hypoglycemia in slow oxidizers. These people tend to have a low blood sugar level at all times due to weak adrenal and weak thyroid glands. They can crave sugars and even alcohol because having some raises the blood sugar, albeit temporarily, and makes them feel better. However, the effect can wear off in a few hours, and the cravings return.
Deficiencies of zinc, manganese, chromium, selenium, iodine and perhaps other vital minerals can also contribute to hypoglycemia. These minerals are needed for proper sugar metabolism and alcohol metabolism.
All alcoholics tend toward hypoglycemia to
some degree. While this is a
general statement, it is usually true.
It means most have difficulty regulating their blood sugar level. When it drops too low, it causes strong
cravings for sugar – and alcohol.
Alcohol can serve as a way to complete the regulation of the glucose level in the blood, although it is an unhealthy method. This is another fact not to be overlooked when one is to conquer an alcoholic habit or even just an alcoholic tendency.
Diet is important to overcome low blood sugar. The typical diets eaten by most people just do not provide enough nutrients today. This includes fast foods, most restaurant fare and even a lot of frozen meals or microwave meals. Refined grains such as white flour, white rice and white sugar as well should be totally avoided.
A proper diet is a key to overcoming and compensating for hypoglycemia. Everyone needs about 70% of the diet as cooked vegetables, in my experience. Everyone should also avoid all fruit, all fruit juices and all other sweets.
oxidizers need about two to three tablespoons of fat or oil with every meal,
and perhaps every few hours. Slow
oxidizers must have protein with each meal, in many cases.
This must continue for perhaps a number of years until the body can regain the ability to regulate blood sugar normally. Deeper correction also requires a complete nutritional balancing program, or one will not really get well. This program includes more about the diet, supplementary nutrients, plenty of rest and sleep, and the detoxification procedures. Several years or more are required to fully restore proper blood sugar regulation. For more, read Introduction To Nutritional Balancing on this site.
Click here for a much longer article on Hypoglycemia.
who suffers from alcoholism or other addictions has come to some negative
conclusions about life. These
beliefs may be very subtle, but they permeate and affect one’s activities and
habits at many levels.
Any method to help reverse this negative conclusion about the meaning and importance of one’s life is helpful. Reading inspiring books can be helpful. Uplifting biographies are excellent for some. Becoming interested in positive spiritual thinking can be extremely good. For example, see the article on this website entitled, The World Is Perfect. Counseling helps some, while recreational activities, good friends, healthy relationship, and meaningful work help others.
health professionals use the term ‘dry-drinking’ to describe a group of
symptoms recovering alcoholics often contend with. These are usually very
similar to the symptoms of hypoglycemia (because they are due to hypoglycemia
in many cases).
They include irritability, depression, aggressiveness, insomnia, fatigue, restlessness, confusion, desire to drink, and nervousness. They even occur at AA meetings where participants often consume sugary soda pop or coffee with sugar, and smoke cigarettes as well.
One cannot recover from hypoglycemia overnight. However, one can feel better in a few short weeks. A key is changing the diet to eliminate sweets and refined carbohydrates.
This means letting go or at least greatly limiting candy, cookies, ice cream and colas. Replace these with cooked, not raw vegetables, some animal protein daily, and perhaps some complex carbohydrates such as rice or dried beans. Some people also require more fats and oils in the diet.
Most people also feel better eliminating ALL wheat and most commercial dairy products, as these are common allergic foods. Also, stimulants such as caffeine and nicotine make the problem worse and should be minimized.
THE GENETIC CONNECTION
indicate there are differences in the way alcoholics process sugars. However, familial aspects of alcoholism
are not always genetic. Some of
the familial connection is congenital. This means present at
birth, but not in the genes.
For example, if one’s mother is deficient in zinc due to alcoholism or
any other cause, her child will be born deficient in zinc. This is not a genetic defect, but
simply a nutritional imbalance passed on from mother to child.
Similarly, if the mother’s body contains excessive copper, lead or cadmium, these toxins are passed directly through the placenta to the child. The child will then exhibit symptoms related to these nutritional imbalances. Fortunately, many congenital imbalances can be corrected.
This may seem unusual, but the father’s nutritional condition and biochemical balance also affects the unborn child. This occurs in several ways. Some imbalances are passed on in the sperm cells, which form the basis for all of the fetuses’ body cells. In addition, just the presence of the father in the home affects an unborn child.
Also, children brought up in alcoholic homes may develop nutritional deficiencies at an early age simply because they are not fed properly. These symptoms may appear to be genetically caused. In fact, they are due to the environment in which the children live.
Congenital and environmentally-caused imbalances are often ignored because they often cannot be measured by standard blood tests. However, tissue mineral analysis can sometimes identify these imbalances in young children or even in infants, when they can be corrected before problems arise.
Genetic testing for alcoholism is a research area at this time (2014). However, be wary of genetic testing because it does not just test genetics of DNA. Doctors often do not tell you that it also reflects RNA metabolism and protein synthesis. The latter are controlled largely by nutrients and inhibited by toxic metals. For more on this topic, please read Genetic Testing on this site.
AN INTEGRATED APPROACH
Those with a problem with alcohol and those with other addictions often benefit greatly from screening for biochemical imbalances. Standard blood tests are not adequate! Tissue mineral testing and perhaps food allergy and candida or yeast assessments can help identify many important physical conditions that can hinder recovery.
With a complete nutritional balancing program, usually only the simple hair mineral analysis is required, and this keeps the cost down and makes things simpler. I assume everyone has yeast problems today, as well as food allergies. Food allergies often disappear quickly if one follow the nutritional balancing diets. Yeast problems slowly go away, as well. Chiropractic may also be needed, at times, to correct the body structurally.
A VERY HEALTHFUL LIFESTYLE
In addition to a complete nutritional balancing program, a healthful lifestyle can make a great difference in the outcome of alcohol-related disorders. The main features of this lifestyle must be the following:
Rest And Sleep. Enough rest and sleep are first in all
cases. This is because rest is
needed to rebuild the body in everyone.
There are no exceptions.
Naps are also excellent.
Late nights are the worst, as much regeneration occurs during the hours before midnight. Go to bed by 9 PM or as close to it as possible. Begin slowing down early in the evening, eat supper at an early hour if at all possible, and it is alright to just rest in bed if one cannot sleep immediately.
Natural sleep remedies can help. Take something to hasten rest and sleep if needed. Drugs can be used for sleep if needed. Often, however, nutrients such as calcium, magnesium, 5-htp, melatonin and others will suffice. No amount of nutrition or other methods will overcome a lack of rest and sleep.
Deep Breathing, Sunshine, Some Light Exercise
and Positive Thoughts And Emotions.
These are the other factors that make up an excellent lifestyle. Relax, enjoy life as much as
possible. Do not fret, and do not
take on more problems than you can easily handle.
These are simple ideas that go a long way toward any kind of healing. Many alcoholic people are very generous and kind. They must keep track of their energy use and set up boundaries for themselves so they do not stress their bodies. If they do not do this, they can undo all the hard work they have put in to moving away from alcohol or, for that matter, from other addictions as well.
1. Crook, W., The Yeast Connection, Professional Books, Jackson, TN, 1983.
2. Larson, J.M., Seven Weeks to Sobriety, Ballantine/Wellspring, New York, 1997.
3. Milam, J, Under the Influence, Madrona Press, Seattle, 1981.
4. Phelps, J., The Hidden Addiction, Little Brown and Company, Boston, 1986.
5. Williams, R., Prevention of Alcoholism Through Nutrition, Bantam Books, New York, 1981.
6. Wilson, L., Nutritional Balancing And Hair Mineral Analysis, LD Wilson Consultants, Inc., 2010 and 2014.