by Dr. Lawrence Wilson

© February 2021, LD Wilson Consultants, Inc.


All information in this article is for educational purposes only.  It is not for the diagnosis, treatment, prescription or cure of any disease or health condition.


NOTE: This entire technology and article are in an early stage of research.  We will update it as we learn more.


NOTE: For a proper testing, ideally use plant leaf analysis not soil analysis.  Also, the soil testing lab must provide the actual mineral values, NOT PERCENTAGES OF AVAILABLE MINERALS.  We list two labs we think are good in Section II below.


Table Of Contents





Why Try The Development Method?

Basis and Origin Of The Method

Plant Diseases





Applying Supplements


How Long?














The Correction Process And Retesting Your Soil

How To Determine If Your Soil Has Changed Its Oxidation Type Or Na/K Ratio

How To Keep Your Soil Balanced

Soil Adjustments or Healing Reactions


Crop Varieties




Why The Need for Copper

More Technical Aspects

Yin And Yang Soil Methods

Growing During The Balancing Process

Role Of Boron And Potassium In Plants

Why Mineral Levels, Not Available Minerals


Mineral Oxides In The Soil

Who Benefits Most

Ideal Soil Mineral Values







This article presents a newer system of soil regeneration based upon healing work that we do with human beings and animals.

The author is not a grower at this time, and the material was given to him.  He is in the process of verifying it, and we welcome feedback about it.


Depletion. Almost all soils on planet earth are depleted of minerals.  This includes both trace minerals and the macrominerals - calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium and potassium and sulfur. 

Many soils are also low in soil microorganisms, and other beneficial soil creatures such as earthworms.  The causes include bad farming practices, soil erosion, overgrazing, and just poor-quality soils in many areas.




Most soils on earth are also somewhat toxic.  Types of toxicity include:

- Pesticide and insecticide residues, both synthetic and natural ones.

- Residues of chemical fertilizers.

- Toxic metals such as lead, arsenic, cadmium, aluminum, nickel and others.

- Toxic forms of vital minerals, such as oxides and carbonates.  These are very common in the soil.  They include less biounavailable forms of iron, manganese, aluminum, potassium, boron, vanadium, cobalt, selenium, chromium and others.  We call these the amigos because they are often found together in the soil and in human bodies.  For details, read The Amigos.




1. Minerals in the soil automatically become available in large amounts.

2. Most plant diseases go away on their own as one finely balances the soil.  This is an old idea from the days of W. Albrecht and C. Walters, Sr.

It is an idea that most organic farmers understand well and a joy to observe on one’s farm.

3. Much reduced need for pesticides and insecticides of any type.  In fact, we discourage even the use of somewhat toxic natural products to kill bugs and plant pathogens.

4. Reduced need for soil supplements.

5. Excellent yields and fewer crop failures due to drought, too much rainfall, frost and other causes.

6. Much less topsoil loss due to soil erosion.

7. Grow much more nutritious and much less toxic food.

8. A truly sustainable and regenerative agricultural method.


Drawbacks.  The basis for the method is a science of which few are aware.  This is a major problem for some farmers.  For details, see the Discussion Section of this article. 




The development method works by developing the soil microorganisms.  This means to make them more numerous and stronger.

The soil microorganisms do the rest of the work of healing and regenerating the soil.  Hence the name development method.




The development method came from the work of Drs. Lawrence Wilson and Paul Eck on human and animal health.  They explored the method over the past 50 years, working in the United States with human beings and animals around the world.

This website has numerous articles about the theory and application of the science to human beings and animals.  We are slowly adding a plant section.




Assessment. One first needs to assess the oxidation rate and the sodium/potassium ratio of the plants or soil.  The reason is that these are the essential measurements needed in development science.  They are discussed in more detail in the Discussion section of this article. 

This is a very simple, inexpensive plant or soil mineral analysis.  To do this, your testing lab must report the actual mineral values of your soil or plants – the percentages.  Unfortunately, most labs will not do this. 

You must find a lab that just reports the mineral values, not percentages.  Two labs that we believe test correctly (but we are still checking) are:

1. International Ag Labs, 800 W. Lake Ave., PO Box 788, Fairmont, MN 56031 USA (507)235-6909.

2. Logan Labs, 620 N. Main St., Lakeview, OH 43331, (937) 842-6100 or (888) 494-7645.

There are probably a number of other labs and we appreciate feedback about them.

Calculations.  Based on the simple mineral analysis, one calculates the oxidation rate and the sodium/potassium ratio of the soil or plant.


Supplements.  Then one adds minerals to the soil in the proper proportions to balance the soil.  This requires copper, and not just organic matter.  We use copper sulfate.  However, we are learning about the use of 99.9% pure copper rods placed in the soil because copper sulfate is a little contaminated.  Copper oxide is less desirable because of the form of copper.

The article discusses the amounts in terms of copper sulfate.  With copper rods, one can be less precise, we believe.  We will update this article as we learn more.


Precision.  The amount one feeds to the soil needs to be fairly precise and usually includes calcium, magnesium, zinc, copper and rarely one or two other minerals.


What happens.  Balancing the soil in this way allows the soil microorganisms to begin to transmute chemical elements in the soil and do all the other things they do such as aerating the soil, converting forms of minerals into more usable forms, and more.


Retesting.  One needs to retest the soil with another simple analysis every two or three months or quarterly to check progress.  This is a must and not optional.  Based on each new test, one recalculates the oxidation rate and the sodium/potassium ratio.  Then one applies more minerals using the same formulas.


How long.  This pace of testing needs to continue until the oxidation rate and the sodium/potassium ratio of your soil stabilizes at the correct levels.  This usually takes about three years, but could take up to five years in very depleted soil.  The period required to regenerate the soil is called the balancing period or balancing time.


Crops during the balancing time.  You can and should grow a few crops while the soil is balancing.  One legume and one other crop every year will speed up the balancing time.


Cost.  Due to the quarterly testing and quarterly applications, this method may be more costly than simply adding minerals once a year.  However, soil regeneration is much faster and better.


Maintenance.  Once the soil is balanced, retesting is done annually using the same method explained above.  One never goes back to the percentage method that is in common use today.


Retracing.  During the balancing time, the mineral values of your soil or plants will retrace.  This means that old patterns of imbalance will resurface and then disappear.

This is most unusual and worries many growers!  It will seem as though the soil becomes worse, at times, and one thinks that one has wasted one’s money.  However, retracing is absolutely necessary to heal the soil at deep levels.


Tilling.  Tilling the soil is recommended, especially during the balancing time.  There is a lot of interest in no-till methods.  However, for the fastest soil regeneration, we find tilling gets the minerals into the soil much faster and significantly reduces the balancing time.  No-till methods are much slower during the balancing time.

Once balancing is finished, tilling is less required.  However, at this time, in most soils, tilling is still helpful to keep the soil properly balanced with the fewest problems.






The two methods of testing that can be used are:


1. Plant analysis on your plants.  This is the most accurate. 

2. Soil analysis.  This can be done, at first, to approximate the best balance of the soil.  However, then one should do a plant analysis to fine-tune the soil.  Below are the details of each method.




Required equipment.  This method requires a standard plant grinder, either a hand grinder or an electric one.


Sampling.  To use this method, one grows three plants in one’s soil to be tested.  These are pea, corn and carrot.  The varieties don’t matter much. 

When the plants are at about one foot high, they are ready for testing.  The steps are:

1. Pull up the entire plant and clean the roots.

2. Dry the plants for about a week.

3. Grind up the plant using the grinder.

4. Send the three powders to your soil testing lab.


One or three samples.  If funds are very tight, one could mix together the three plant samples and just submit one sample for analysis.  We prefer getting three separate plant analyses, if possible.  We believe it is slightly more accurate.


Labeling the powders.  Be sure to tell the laboratory this is a plant analysis, not a soil analysis.  Otherwise, they will be upset because the numbers won’t match their standards for soil.




This method is okay in the beginning if your soil is far out of balance.  However, after doing it once or twice, please switch to the plant analysis method described above, which is more accurate.


Sampling.  This is done in the standard way.  Mix together three or four samples taken from different parts of a field.  Spread the soil on a sheet of paper or plastic.  Let the soil dry out for a few days.  Then gather it and mail it to the laboratory for testing.


What to ask for.  To balance the soil, you must ask for and receive the total amount of calcium, magnesium, sodium, and potassium in the soil.  The other mineral levels are not needed.

The levels of other minerals in the soil are sometimes important for diagnosing certain soil problems, but they are not needed to balance the soil.

For example, one would think that one must measure the copper and the zinc levels.  However, this is not true.  The amount of copper and zinc to add to your soil does not depend upon the copper level in the soil.  This may seem unusual, but it is true.




The calculations are rather simple.  Anyone can do them without a computer.  This section of this article is divided into:

- Calculations for a plant mineral test.

- Calculations for a soil mineral test.




Pea plant ideals.  The ideal plant mineral values we are currently using are based on those of a pea plant.  You can use a different test plant and the values will be similar, though perhaps not identical. 

We like using a pea plant because it grows almost everywhere and it matures in a few days.  This saves time if one does not have a plant handy and must grow one.  The ideal values we are using are:


Calcium - 250 ppm

Magnesium – 80 ppm

Sodium – 20 ppm

Potassium – 50 ppm


 Write down your plant’s oxidation rate.  To do this, use a combination of two ratios.  The calculations are below:


Fast oxidation: (usually indicates soil under acute stress)

Calcium/potassium ratio EQUAL TO or LESS THAN about 5.


Sodium/magnesium ratio EQUAL TO or GREATER than about 0.25.


Slow oxidation: (indicates an exhausted soil)

Calcium/potassium ratio GREATER than about 5.


Sodium/magnesium ratio LESS than about 0.25.


Mixed oxidation: A Calcium/potassium ratio GREATER than 5 AND a sodium/magnesium ratio GREATER than 0.25.


A Calcium/potassium ratio LESS than 5 AND A sodium/magnesium ratio LESS than 0.25.

(Mixed oxidation is an unstable state that will resolve to fast or slow oxidation, usually within a few months.)


Four lows: (indicates very depleted soil and a very sick plant)

TOTAL CALCIUM less than about 250 parts per million.

TOTAL MAGNESIUM less than about 80 ppm.

TOTAL SODIUM less than about 20 ppm.

TOTAL POTASSIUM less than about 50 ppm.


Write down your plant’s Na/K ratio:

The ideal Na/K ratio is 0.4 for a pea plant.  Therefore,

Na/K < 0.4 equals a low Na/K.

Na/K > than 0.4 equals a high Na/K.


That is all there is to the calculations.




Ideal mineral ideals.  (These are different than the values most laboratories use.  Soils are ALL weak or sick, and the labs are accustomed to these sick soils.) 


CALCIUM            16,000 ppm

MAGNESIUM  11,000 ppm

SODIUM              500 ppm

POTASSIUM    1200 ppm


Amazingly, these are consistent across different soil types such as sandy, loamy or clay soil.


Graphing.  If you wish, graph the numbers for your soil on a calibrated graph that has the ideal values in the middle of the graphs.  This is not needed, however.  Some day the labs will offer this, but they do not offer it today.


Write down your soils’ oxidation type.


Fast oxidation: (usually indicates soil under acute stress).  The criteria are:

Calcium/potassium ratio EQUAL TO or LESS THAN about 1.33.


Sodium/magnesium ratio EQUAL TO or GREATER than about 0.045.


Slow oxidation: (indicates an exhausted soil).  The criteria are:

Calcium/potassium ratio GREATER than about 1.33.


Sodium/magnesium ratio LESS than about 0.045.


Four lows: (indicates very depleted or dead soil).  The criteria are:

TOTAL CALCIUM less than 16,000 parts per million AND

TOTAL MAGNESIUM less than 11,000 ppm AND

TOTAL SODIUM less than 500 ppm AND

TOTAL POTASSIUM less than 1200 ppm


Mixed oxidation.  Criteria are:

A. A calcium/potassium ratio less than 1.33 and a sodium/magnesium ratio less than 0.045


B. A calcium/potassium ratio greater than 1.33 and a sodium/magnesium ratio greater than 0.045.


Mixed oxidation is a temporary state that will resolve to either fast or slow oxidation as you adjust the soil with this method, usually within a few months.  It is a little trickier to dose the soil supplements, but not too difficult.


Write down your soil’s Na/K Ratio.

This measures an electrical charge on the cell membranes of certain soil organisms, or it may be for other reasons.  Recall that sodium and potassium are the main cations responsible for the solubility of the soil. The ideal Na/K ratio in soil is 0.045.

High Na/K ratio = Na/K GREATER THAN 0.45.

Low Na/K ratio = Na/K LESS THAN 0.45.




Once one knows the oxidation rate and the Na/K ratio, one can mix together the right formula to correct the balance of minerals in the soil.




1. Calcium and magnesium.  This is often in the form of dolomite or crushed limestone.

2. Copper.  We use copper sulfate.  It is inexpensive and works well.  We are switching over to copper rods, which are purer, but are much more work and cost.  Using a plant high in copper so far does not work as well.

3. Zinc sulfate.  This is only needed when the ratio of total sodium to total potassium in the soil is high.  This is explained below.

4. Water.  Some soils need more water.  This is detailed below.

5. Bacteria.  To provide this, we currently use horse manure that has not been composted.  This is working the best.

Other manures may work, such as cow or sheep manure.  Horse manure seems to contain more of the bacteria needed to convert the oxide forms of the minerals into more healthful mineral compounds.  The horses whose manure one uses should eat at least some fresh grass to produce the bacteria we want. 

Bio-dynamic enzymes.  Some farmers are using bio-dynamic enzymes to compost waste matter and to condition their soil.  This will work to some extent.  However, we find that horse manure is better.

6. Other.  In a few rare cases, other supplements are needed.  This is beyond the scope of this article, which is intended for most soils.




Mix materials using this formula:




A. If the soil is in fast oxidation, use 100 pounds of copper per acre.

B. If the soil is in slow oxidation, use 50 pounds of copper per acre.

C. If the soil is in a four lows pattern, add 50 pounds of copper per acre.  However, also add lime at a rate of 200 pounds per acre and magnesium at 100 pounds per acre.




Now add even more minerals based on the Na/K ratio:

If the Na/K is less than 0.1, add more copper, about 50 pounds per acre. 

If the Na/K is less than 0.05 add 100 pounds of copper per acre.

If the Na/K is above 0.1 but less than about 0.15, add 100 pounds of zinc per acre.

If the Na/K ratio is above 0.15, add 200 pounds of zinc per acre.


NOTE: If you do this right, you will always be adding at least 50 pounds of copper per acre, and often more.  In addition, you may be adding some zinc to your soil.


5. Adding manure.  One needs to add about 100 pounds per acre.  Too much, or if it is spread unevenly, will burn the soil, but eventually it should work.  Try to use a good spreader to distribute the bacteria evenly.


6. The water. Most soil needs to be damp to slightly wet.  Dry soil will not adjust or balance nearly as fast or as well.  Therefore, you may have to irrigate if your soil is very dry.

Caution: If a heavy rain falls within three days of a mineral application, you may need to reapply the minerals if the rain all runs off your land.  If the rain soaks in, the mineral application should be valid.  Rain that falls more than a few days after an application of minerals should not disturb the balancing process.




Now add even more minerals based on the Na/K ratio:

If the Na/K is between 0.01 and 0.045 and, add more copper, at 50 pounds per acre.

If the Na/K is less than 0.01, add copper at 80 pounds per acre.

If the Na/K is above 0.045 but less than 0.1, add 100 pounds of zinc per acre.

If the Na/K ratio is above 0.1, add 200 pounds of zinc per acre.


If you do this right, you will always be adding at least 50 pounds of copper per acre, and often more.  In addition, you may be adding some zinc to your soil.


5. The manure.  One needs to add at least 100 pounds per acre, or maybe more.  Adding too much, or if it is spread unevenly, will burn the soil, but eventually it should work.  Try to use a good spreader to distribute the bacteria evenly.


6. The water. Most soil needs to be damp to slightly wet.  Dry soil will not adjust or balance nearly as fast or as well.  Therefore, you may have to irrigate if your soil is very dry.

Caution: If a heavy rain falls within three days of a mineral application, you may need to reapply the minerals if the rain all runs off your land.  If the rain soaks in, the mineral application should be valid.  Rain that falls more than a few days after an application of minerals should not disturb the balancing process.






During the correction process, the oxidation rate and the sodium/potassium ratio may vary, moving up and down a number of times.  This is why frequent soil testing is essential!  It is not too costly, so do it more often rather than less often.

In most cases, you can wait three to six months between soil tests.  This is about optimal in most cases.

However, if you suspect that your soil has shifted its oxidation rate or its Na/K ratio sooner than in three months, then test it again sooner.  You can test it as often as once a month.




Your soil may well have shifted if your crops, weeds and/or animals living on it are not looking as well.  They all tend to do best when the soil is balanced in the way described in this article.

Once again, do not test the soil more than about once a month.  It won’t change any faster, so there is no reason to test more often than this.  And again, most of the time you can go for three or even up to six months without retesting. 

However, do not go more than six months without a retest, as the soil can change and you may not be aware of it.  Failing to retest the soil at least every six months will greatly slow down the balancing and adjustment of your soil.


Each time you find that the soil has shifted its oxidation rate and/or its sodium/potassium ratio, you must make another application of the minerals.  We know this sounds like a lot of applications, but it is necessary for success.  Remember, however, that you cannot apply minerals or manures more than about once a month, or it will overwhelm the soil, and usually, you won’t be re-applying minerals more than once every three to six months.

Eventually, the soil will settle down into a fairly mild fast oxidation pattern with a fairly normal Na/K ratio of about 0.045.  This is when your soil is now ready to produce at its optimum.  This can take a few years of balancing the soil.




Once your soil is balanced, the next question is how to keep it that way.  Here are suggestions:


1. Strictly keep all toxic chemicals, including even some natural pesticides, off the land.  Use as little as you can of any toxic substances, even natural ones.  This is very important!

2. Let the land lie fallow at least once every three years.  For now, this is helpful.  Eventually, we may be able to keep producing through crop rotation, but most soil is still weak and needs a year of rest every three years.

3. Rotate your crops every year.  This is essential, as well.




At times, using this method, the oxidation rate, the Na/K ratio, and/or the levels of the soil minerals may become very high or very low.  This is normal for this method, so be prepared for it! 

This process is called retracing in the human and animal populations.  In development soil science, this effect is called a readjustment.

In this rather fascinating process, soil microbes may produce a lot of one mineral, or deplete a particular mineral, in the process of restoring the soil to health.


A problem for Ag scientists.  Readjustments of this type are a problem for scientists who may react with alarm when a soil test comes back with higher or lower mineral levels than are expected.

The correct response is to allow the process to proceed without interrupting it with symptomatic soil treatments such as adding lime, adding magnesium, or others.

This is difficult to understand for conventionally-trained soil scientists, however.   It takes some experience to learn to let the process work itself out.  Just continue to correct the oxidation rate and the Na/K ratio ONLY, and do not worry about the other aberrations that will occur, at times, because these variations are normal for this method. 

For more about this interesting healing process in human beings and in animals, please read Retracing on this website.  While this article is about human health, the principles and the method of allowing the reactions to pass are identical to the way we handle the soil.




These are best avoided, since they damage or kill soil microorganisms.  This includes “natural” pesticides, which can still be somewhat toxic.  A truly healthy soil will tend to produce crops that will not be plagued by pests.




In general, the development method works best with older plant varieties.  Farmers often like these varieties better because they are hardier and not adapted to pesticides and depleted soils.

The method works with hybrids, but they often do not yield as well as the older varieties using the development method, which does not include growth stimulants.

The food produced with the older varieties is far more nutritious and yields are excellent. 






The development method is based on a number of concepts:


Mineral balancing.  Development science is based on balancing the minerals in an animal or human body.  It employs the research of William Albrecht concerning how one mineral level in the soil affects the levels of other minerals.  While this research is now almost 100 years old, few are able to use it in the way we do.

For this breakthrough, we owe a great debt to Dr. Paul Eck (1925-1996), who extended the research and came up with a practical way to balance bodies based upon it.

The stress theory of disease.  This is the work of Hans Selye, MD (1907-1982).  Dr. Selye realized that all animals and the soil go through stages of stress.  He gave these names – alarm, resistance and exhaustion. 

The oxidation types.  This is the work of George Watson, PhD (1912-?).  He was a professor of philosophy of science at the University of Southern California.  His health research focused on the response of a human being to various odors.  Through this method, he identified two basic states of body chemistry that he called fast and slow oxidation. 

This is not the same as fast and slow metabolism.  However, they are related.

The sodium/potassium ratio.  This is the most important mineral ratio in development science.   It has to do with the electrical balance of the cells and more.  For details, read The Sodium/Potassium Ratio. 

Preferred minerals.  When soil microorganisms and earth worms do not receive enough of the minerals they require, they will take up and use less-preferred minerals to operate their enzyme systems and for other purposes.  This is a basic survival mechanism for all living creatures.  However, it is also the cause of a lot of ill health of animals.

Dr. Paul Eck learned about this phenomenon from the writings of Henry Schroeder, MD (1906-1975).  Dr. Schroeder wrote on page 7 of Trace Elements And Man:


“- cadmium avidly replaces zinc and changes or inactivates zinc (dependent) enzymes, causing disease;

- arsenic displaces phosphorus, causing disease;

- selenium displaces sulfur, causing disease;

- bromine displaces chlorine (and both bromine and chlorine displace iodine);

- beryllium displaces magnesium;

- strontium displaces calcium …” 


Dr. Schroeder realized that a chemical element can often be replaced by the element underneath it on the standard periodic table of the elements because the outer electron shells are shaped similarly.  All the elements in each column of the periodic table of the elements have the same number of electrons in their outer shell.  In this sense, the atoms are “shaped” somewhat the same.

For this reason, elements in the same column can “fit” into certain enzymes, like a key that fits into a lock even though it is not the right key to open the lock.

In the case of chemical elements, the replacement or less-preferred “key” or element can sometimes operate the lock to a degree, a times preserving life.  However, the enzyme or tissue does not work properly, so disease results.

A crude analogy is if one breaks the fan belt on a vehicle and does not have a replacement belt, one could possibly take off one’s waist belt, wrap it tightly around the pulleys and slowly make your way home.  That is how less-preferred minerals work in animal and human bodies.  They don’t fit well, but they fit enough to sustain life.

While this idea may sounds unusual, it is one of the most important secrets of development science.  For more details, read Preferred Minerals.

Layers of adaptations or compensations.  This is the idea that what is called ill health or disease is not an “entity”, as the veterinarians and medical doctors are taught.  In fact, disease is a process of adaptation to stressors. 

Readjustments or retracing. Another vital concept in the development method is that deep healing of the soil causes big swings in the mineral balance as the soil heals.  This idea relates directly to the idea of layers of adaptations described above.

Other inspirations for the work were the scientific genius of Dr. Louis Kervran, author of Biological Transmutations, and Andre Voisin, author of Soil, Grass And Cancer.




This relates to biochemistry.  Copper, we have found, helps to raise a low sodium/potassium ratio in the soil.  It also reduces a fast oxidation rate.  Both of these conditions are commonly present in the soils of the earth.  So that is the reason copper sulfate is so helpful.

Copper may have this effect because copper supports oxidative metabolism in many species of micro-organisms, worms and other soil inhabitants.  Copper is required for the Krebs or carboxylic acid cycle found in many organisms.  As oxidative processes increase, so do all life processes increase in our soil.  An end result is to raise the sodium/potassium ratio.

Copper may reduce a fast oxidation rate by making calcium more bioavailable in the soil.  This has a calming and slowing effect upon the soil oxidation rate.  Oxidation rates are discussed below.




Yin and yang are Chinese words that express a physics concept.  We sometimes use them because there are no good equivalent words in English.  While few pay attention to this concept in Western nations, the idea is very important in some Oriental concepts of agriculture.

The development method is a very yang method of soil regeneration.  Yang methods tend to make the soil much more active and warmer.  They also tend to condense it or make its structure more compact.  Yang methods also tend to work faster.

However, many of the methods used today are more yin.  This means that their effect, at a deep level, is to make the soil colder, less active, and make its structure more expanded.  This is usually not helpful because the soil is already somewhat yin due to excessive ionizing radiation in the soil and toxic metals and toxic chemicals in the soil.

Examples of more yin methods of soil regeneration and soil-building are radionics, superphosphate fertilizers, crushed rock, fish heads, homeopathy and the addition of most products of all kinds.

While it is true that this method uses copper sulfate, zinc sulfate, lime and other materials, the amounts used are relatively small, and this is more yang.




Yes, in most cases.  Development by this method is a little harsh, at times.  In general, however, most crops can withstand the process quite well, we find.

Also, most livestock animals can handle the process quite well.  We suggest keeping livestock off of a field for a few days after applying the copper or manure.  Other than this caution, they can graze normally.




Boron.  Boron in plants acts to raise the sodium/potassium ratio.  In this regard, it is somewhat like the role of the adrenal glands in animals and human beings.

Unfortunately, very few plants have the right form of boron for ideal growth.  Most of the time, the boron in plants is an oxide form that is somewhat toxic and stimulating.  The ideal form is not an oxide and does not have the same stimulating effect, but it is low on the planet and not available as a supplement.

The oxide form of boron finds its way into human food and is slightly toxic for human beings and animals. 

Potassium.  Potassium in plants acts to increase the sodium/potassium ratio and tends to increase the oxidation rate.  It seems to function in a way similar to the thyroid gland in animals and human beings.

The potassium found in N-P-K fertilizers is always somewhat toxic for plants.  This is just one problem with N-P-K agriculture, which is largely just stimulation of plant growth and soil mining.




The reason is that with the development method, we balance the oxidation rate which involves the sodium and potassium levels in the soil.  These are solvent minerals and their levels and ratios determine the percentage of ionized and available minerals in the soil.  So, in fact, the development method does measure the available fraction of soil minerals.




Restoring the ability of the soil microorganisms to transmute heavy metals in the soil into lighter minerals is a great secret of the success of the development method.  It requires very healthy soil microorganisms and a more yang soil.




This is a serious problem that often goes unrecognized.  To understand these a little better, read Iron, Manganese And Aluminum – The Amigos.




              The development method so far balances most soils, all crops and all livestock.




Below are the other ideal soil mineral levels we use.  Remember, however, that using the development method one does not base supplementation on these levels.  They are for reference, only, at this time.  All, except for phosphorus, are in parts per million:


COPPER                           1.5

ZINC                                   14

SULFUR                           85    

IRON                                  85

MANGANESE              40

CHROMIUM                  20

BORON                            0.5

ALUMINUM                   140              (a toxic metal)

PHOSPHORUS           1100          (as P2O5 in lbs/acre)




1. Wilson, L., Nutritional Balancing And Hair Mineral Analysis, 2016.

2. The Oxidation Types.

3. The Sodium/Potassium Ratio.

4. Biological Transmutation Of The Elements.



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