by Dr. Lawrence Wilson

© August 2016, L.D. Wilson Consultants, Inc.


All information in this article is for educational purposes only.  It is not for the diagnosis, treatment, prescription or cure of any disease or health condition.


An advanced concept in hair analysis interpretation is to quantify the patterns seen on a hair mineral chart.  This can  assist with the proper interpretation of the mineral test.  For example, if a pattern is a quadruple or 4x, it is more important, more extreme or stronger than if the pattern is a double or 2x, or a single or 1x pattern.

This article lists the criteria needed to quantify some of the major hair analysis patterns that we encounter commonly.  The concept can be applied to more patterns, and it will be in the future.  For now, the patterns in this article are among the most important to quantify.


THE CALCIUM SHELL (psychological withdrawal, repressed emotions, “hiding out”, somewhat out of touch with reality, a type of depression, fatigue, calcium deposition in the tissues, trauma pattern, hidden copper and perhaps more)


For women:

Calcium of 165-209 mg% is a single shell pattern.

Calcium of 210-259 is a 2x or double shell pattern.

Calcium of 260-299 is a 3x or triple shell pattern.

Calcium of 300-369 is a 4x or quadruple shell pattern.  This is also called Petrified Pattern from here and beyond.

Calcium of 370-459 is a 5x or quintuple shell pattern.

Calcium of 460-539 is a 6x or sextuple shell pattern.

Calcium of 540-639 is a 7x or septuple shell pattern.

Calcium of 640 +  is an 8x shell pattern.

(these are approximate values based on current research.)


For men:

Calcium of 155-199 mg% is a 1x or single shell pattern.

Calcium of 200-249 mg% is a 2x or double shell pattern.

Calcium of 250-309 mg% is a 3x or triple shell pattern.

Calcium of 310-339 mg% is a 4x or quadruple shell pattern.


            A shell pattern is much less common in men.  If it is present in men, it is likely to be lower than in women, in general.

For more details about the calcium shell pattern, please read The Calcium Shell on this website.


BURNOUT PATTERNS (adrenal exhaustion, low thyroid, exhausted sympathetic nervous system)


Adrenal burnout or exhaustion is another extremely important and common pattern seen on hair mineral analyses.  Each of the following criteria adds a multiple to the burnout pattern.  For example, if two of the following indicators are present, I call it double burnout.  The hair must not be washed at the laboratory for any of these criteria to be valid.


1. Slow oxidation

2. Very slow oxidation, with a calcium/potassium ratio greater than about 200 (ideal is about 4).

3. A calcium shell may overlap with very slow oxidation, but may be a separate burnout indicator.

4. A sodium/potassium ratio less than about 2.5. If the sodium/potassium ratio is very low, this adds more multiples (see A Low Sodium/potassium Ratio below for those criteria).

5. A sodium level less than about 11 mg%.

6. A potassium level less than about 5 mg%.

7. Three lows, also called three low macrominerals.

8. Four lows, also called four low macrominerals.  This is a double burnout pattern.

9. Phosphorus of 12 mg% is one burnout indicator.  Phosphorus of 11 is two, phosphorus of 10 is three, and so on.

10. Each three poor eliminator patterns, (formerly called the Double O Pattern), equals one burnout indicator. (see Poor Eliminator Pattern below for the exact criteria).  The minerals to look for are copper, iron, manganese, lead, mercury, cadmium, arsenic, aluminum and nickel.  Boron, vanadium and even calcium and magnesium can also be in oxide forms.

11. Each two very poor eliminator patterns equals one burnout pattern.


It is not uncommon today to observe people with eight or even ten burnout indicators.  For more information about adrenal exhaustion, read Adrenal Burnout Syndrome on this website.


SYMPATHETIC DOMINANCE PATTERN (overusing the sympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system, pushing oneself hard, anxious, worrier, depressed, fearful, impaired circulation, digestion, elimination and immune response, feeling chased by tigers, somewhat compulsive, often copper-toxic and at times a spiritually-oriented person.)


Recall that in nutritional balancing science the words sympathetic dominance are used in a very specific way that is different from the way some other authors use them.  This pattern is defined as mainly an attitude or mental tendency, rather than primarily a biochemically-caused tendency.

Sympathetic dominance is not the same as a fast oxidizer, as others use the words.  We say that fast oxidation is a sympathetic state of body chemistry.  In contrast, sympathetic dominance occurs only in slow oxidizers.  It is a mental/emotional tendency to push oneself and often to worry a lot, thus overusing the sympathetic or fight-or-flight nervous system.  It is a very common tendency today.


1. Potassium of 4 mg% = a single pattern.

2. Potassium of 3 mg% = a double pattern.

3. Potassium of 2 mg% = a triple pattern.

4. Potassium of 1 mg% = a quadruple pattern.

5. Potassium less than 1 mg%.  This is not currently read on ARL hair tests, but some other laboratories read potassium levels at lower levels.  Lower potassium indicates more sympathetic dominance patterns, and the exact criteria are still being worked out.

6. If the potassium is 4 or less, AND the sodium/potassium ratio greater than about 3 to 4, this adds another multiple, or up to 5 more sympathetic dominant patterns depending on how high the sodium/potassium ratio is. (For the number of indicators to add, see Elevated Sodium/Potassium Ratio below).

7. If the potassium is 4 or less, AND the sodium/potassium ratio is greater than about 3 to 4, AND the calcium/magnesium ratio greater than about 9.5, this adds another multiple, or perhaps more than one if the sodium/potassium ratio and/or the calcium/magnesium ratio are very high.

8. A four lows pattern adds another multiple.

9. If three highs or four highs pattern is present, AND the sodium/potassium ratio is about 3 or greater, this adds another multiple or perhaps more than one, depending on how high the sodium/potassium ratio is.

10. If three highs or four highs pattern is present, AND the sodium/potassium ratio is about 3 or greater, AND the calcium/magnesium ratio is greater than about 9.5, this can add another multiple or perhaps more than one, depending on how high the sodium/potassium ratio and/or calcium magnesium ratios are.

11. Every four poor eliminator patterns adds one sympathetic dominance indicator.

12. Every four very poor eliminator patterns adds one sympathetic dominance indicator. (This is in addition to indicators due to poor eliminator pattern.) 


In this way, one can have, for example, five, ten or even fifteen sympathetic dominance patterns on a single hair mineral chart.  For more information about this fascinating autonomic imbalance pattern, read Sympathetic Dominance on this website.




            Criteria for infections are:


1. A sodium/potassium less than 2.5.  As the sodium/potassium ratio becomes lower, it adds more multiples (see A Low Sodium/potassium Ratio below for the exact criteria).

2. If the sodium/potassium ratio is low, AND the calcium/magnesium ratio is less than about 3, this adds another multiplier.  This is called a Double Low Ratio Pattern.  It may add more than one multiplier if the sodium/potassium and/or the calcium/magnesium ratios are very low.

4. Possibly a zinc level less than about 10.

5. Possibly a cadmium level greater than about 0.02 mg%.

6. Possibly a mercury level greater than about 0.03 mg%.


In this way, one can identify double, triple or even quadruple infection patterns on a hair mineral analysis.


AN ELEVATED SODIUM/POTASSIUM RATIO (inflammation, anger and often acute stress)


Criteria are roughly:


1. Na/K between 4 and 8 = single or 1x.

2. Na/k between about 8 and 20 = double or 2x.

3. Na/k between about 20 and 40 = triple or 3x.

4. Na/K between 40 and 90 = quadruple or 4 x.

5. Na/K above 90 = quintuple or 5x.


A LOW SODIUM/POTASSIUM RATIO (exhaustion, adrenal insufficiency, blood sugar imbalance, kidney stress, liver stress, cardiovascular stress, and often frustration, resentment and hostility)


            Criteria with which to evaluate a low sodium/potassium ratio (Na/K) are:


1. Na/K between 1.7 and 2.5 = single

2. Na/K between 1.1 and 1.7 = double

3. Na/K between 0.6 and 1 = triple

4. Na/K less than 0.6 = quadruple

5. Na/K less than about 0.3 = quintuple or 5x.






11. Na/K less than 0.15 = 11 x


To read more about the sodium/potassium ratio, read The Sodium/Potassium Ratio.




This is sometimes called the diet and lifestyle ratio because that is what it has to do with.  Here are some notes about it:

A ratio greater than about 13.5 may also be related to trauma related to one’s father early in life.  It can also have to do with the “father” metaphorically.  This can have to do with God, or with masculine energy in one’s life, for instance.

Also, pretending or pretense can be a dominant emotion when this ratio is too high.  Also, a high CA/Mg is often part of a bowl pattern (feeling stuck)).


1. Ca/Mg between 9.5 and 13.5 = Too much carbohydrate in the diet.

2. Ca/Mg between 13.5 and 21 = single spiritual defensive pattern.

3. Ca/Mg between 21 and 32 = double spiritual defensive pattern.

4. Ca/Mg between 32 and 55 = triple (3x) spiritual defensive pattern.

5. Ca/Mg between 55 and 75 = quadruple (4x) spiritual defensive pattern.

6. Ca/Mg greater than 75 = quintuple (5x) spiritual defensive pattern and usually severe parental-related traumas.


            To read more, read Spiritual Defensive Pattern.


LOW CALCIUM/MAGNESIUM RATIO (may be related to trauma with mother.  Also, may be part of a hill pattern, a double low ratio pattern, a step up pattern, or others.)


1. Ca/Mg between 3.5 and 2 = a low Ca/Mg ratio.

2. Ca/Mg between 2 and 1 = double (2x) low Ca/Mg ratio.

3. Ca/Mg less than 1 = triple (3x) low Ca/Mg ratio.




I usually only identify the oxidation rate as mild, moderate and extreme.  This is like saying single, double and triple pattern of fast or slow oxidation.  To read more about oxidation rates, read Fast, Slow and Mixed Oxidation on this website.




Poor eliminator pattern is definitely one of the most important newer hair analysis indicators.  An initial hair analysis, and usually a retest, as well, with extremely low toxic metal levels, or very low levels of physiological minerals such as copper, iron or manganese does not indicate that the metals are absent from the body.  Instead, it indicates that a person has plenty of the toxic metals or a toxic form of the physiological minerals.  The person simply cannot eliminate these very well, so they are not revealed in the hair.

It also means they are accumulating inside the body, where they cause many symptoms and health conditions.  This is, in fact, an excellent way to identify the presence of many hidden toxic metals inside the body.  The metals are sequestered deep within the organs and tissues of the body.  This pattern was formerly called the double 0 pattern.

This indicator for difficulty eliminating toxic metals or toxic and unavailable forms of physiological minerals may be expressed as a double, triple, quadruple or more when more than one indicator is present.  The criteria at this time are found in the article entitled Poor Eliminator Pattern.

One can have as many as 8 or 9 of these patterns at once.  For much more on this interesting and very important pattern, read the Poor Eliminator Pattern article.




            This is just an extension of the pattern above.  When the toxic metal levels or some physiological minerals are extremely low, the poor eliminator tendency is even stronger.  This means the body is having even more difficulty eliminating the toxic metal.  It generally means that even more of the toxic metal or biounavailable form of the nutrient mineral are present inside the body.

            The current criteria for very poor eliminator patterns are found in the same article on Poor Eliminator Pattern.




            Here are the current criteria for trauma.  Adding up the indicators will give a total trauma reading.  As with the other patterns, this method of calculating the intensity of trauma only applies to the initial hair mineral test.  The reason for this is that the appearance of trauma or other patterns on a retest is often just a retracing or healing process.  The only use of the criteria below on retests is that calculating the number of trauma patterns might help the doctor and patient calculate the severity of the healing reaction, in terms of retracing old traumas.


1. Very poor eliminator patterns.  About 3 very poor eliminator patterns indicates one trauma pattern.  Four or more very poor eliminator patterns indicates two trauma patterns.


2. Low sodium/potassium ratio.  Na/K between 1 and 0.68 indicates one trauma pattern.  Na/K less than 0.68 indicates two trauma patterns.


3. Calcium shell.  A 2x shell (calcium above 200 mg% is one trauma pattern.  A 3x shell (calcium above about 280 mg%, is two trauma patterns.  A 4x shell (calcium above about 340 mg%) indicates three trauma patterns, and so on in this manner.


4. Elevated Calcium/magnesium ratio (spiritual defensive pattern).  A ratio above 13.5 is one trauma pattern.  A ratio above about 28 is two trauma patterns.  This is often related to the L pattern, which indicates a problem with a person’s lifestyle and not living one’s truth.  Often the person is stuck with an attitude or lifestyle factor that is not working well for him or her.


5. Elevated copper (Copper Toxicity Syndrome).  A copper level of 25-50 mg% is one trauma pattern.  A copper level of about 50-100 mg% is two trauma patterns.  A copper level above 100 mg% indicates three trauma patterns.


6. Double low ratio on the second four numbers (iron, copper, manganese and zinc).  The ratios must be iron/copper less than 0.7 AND manganese/zinc less than 0.0015.  This is still being researched. 


            7. Elevated nickel (Ni > 0.19 mg%).  While not always a trauma pattern, this is often associated with rape and being told to drink rooibos tea or red tea to prevent another rape.


8. Extreme slow oxidation (Ca/K > 150).


9. Potassium level less than 1 mg%.  This seems to be true.  However, it cannot be read on a current ARL hair chart because they only read the potassium down to 1 mg%.  As a result, this criteria is not that important right now.


These last three patterns are still being researched.  However, knowing that trauma is present and its degree can be most helpful.




            In the future, I will quantify the levels of the toxic metals.  For now, they can be either in:

1. The normal range

2. Poor eliminators

3. Elevated.

The levels for each of these are listed in the Toxic Metals article.



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